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Material Flow Rate Compendium

Automobiles on the road
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 210 million
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Griffith, C; Gearhart, J; Posselt, H; McPherson, A; Gingras, S; Davis, G; Dhingra, R; Kincaid, L. Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury (Implications for Recycling and Disposal). Jan-01. p. 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Bentonite used in iron ore (taconite) refining
  • Flow Rate: 16 lb/ton of iron ore in concentrator
  • Geography: National Steel Pellet Company, Minnesota
  • Reference: National Steel Pellet Company. Iron Ore Processing for the Blast Furnace. Not dated. p. 4.
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Blast furnace slag
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 0.25 to 0.30 tons/ton of iron ore that is 60%-66% iron
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. p. 69.2
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Blast furnace slag, air-cooled
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 7.4 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. Table 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 7.3 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. Table 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Blast furnace slag, granulated
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 3.7 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. Table 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 3.6 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. Table 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Byproduct coke
  • 1991
    • Flow Rate: 3,800 tons/d
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: USEPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Locating and Estimating Air Emissions from Sources of Mercury and Mercury Compounds. EPA-454/R-97-012. 1997 (December). p. 7-13.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Carbon black
  • 1996
    • Flow Rate: 3,665 million lb (annual capacity)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: USEPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Locating and Estimating Air Emissions from Sources of Mercury and Mercury Compounds. EPA-454/R-97-012. 1997 (December). p. 7-10.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Crude oil
  • Flow Rate: 576 gal/d to 672 gal/d
  • Geography: United States
  • Reference: Jones, AB; Slotton, DG. Mercury Effects, Sources, and Control Measures. RMP Contribution #20, San Francisco Estuary Institute. 1996 (September). p. 8.
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
EAF dust from steelmaking
  • c. 1995
    • Flow Rate: 20 lb dust/ton steel (generally), as much as 40 lb dust/ton steel
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: USEPA Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. Profile of the Iron and Steel Industry. EPA/310-R-95-005. Sep-95. p. 21 citing a comment from Bruce Steiner, American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, D.C., May 5, 1995.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
EAF mini steel mills, DRI consumed
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 1 million metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Iron and Steel Recycling in the United States in 1998, in Flow Studies for Recycling Metal Commodities in the United States, SF Sibley, ed. USGS Circular 1196. 2004. p. G4
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
EAF mini steel mills, iron and steel scrap consumed
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 42 million metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Iron and Steel Recycling in the United States in 1998, in Flow Studies for Recycling Metal Commodities in the United States, SF Sibley, ed. USGS Circular 1196. 2004. p. G4
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
EAF mini steel mills, pig iron consumed
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 3.4 million metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Iron and Steel Recycling in the United States in 1998, in Flow Studies for Recycling Metal Commodities in the United States, SF Sibley, ed. USGS Circular 1196. 2004. p. G4
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Integrated steel mills, DRI consumed
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 400,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Iron and Steel Recycling in the United States in 1998, in Flow Studies for Recycling Metal Commodities in the United States, SF Sibley, ed. USGS Circular 1196. 2004. p. G4
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Integrated steel mills, iron and steel scrap consumed
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 16 million metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Iron and Steel Recycling in the United States in 1998, in Flow Studies for Recycling Metal Commodities in the United States, SF Sibley, ed. USGS Circular 1196. 2004. p. G4
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron (taconite pellet production)
  • 2003 (est)
    • Flow Rate: 14.61 long tons/yr
    • Geography: Minntac mine in Minnesota
    • Reference: Berndt, ME. Mercury and Mining in Minnesota. 2003 (October). Appendix 2
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: This reference has taconite pellet production from 1949 to 2002.
  • 2003 (est)
    • Flow Rate: 2.00 long tons/yr
    • Geography: EVTAC mine in Minnesota
    • Reference: Berndt, ME. Mercury and Mining in Minnesota. 2003 (October). Appendix 2
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: This reference has taconite pellet production from 1949 to 2002.
  • 2003 (est)
    • Flow Rate: 2.9 long tons/yr
    • Geography: IIMC mine in Minnesota
    • Reference: Berndt, ME. Mercury and Mining in Minnesota. 2003 (October). Appendix 2
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: This reference has taconite pellet production from 1949 to 2002.
  • 2003 (est)
    • Flow Rate: 4.8 long tons/yr
    • Geography: Northshore mine in Minnesota
    • Reference: Berndt, ME. Mercury and Mining in Minnesota. 2003 (October). Appendix 2
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: This reference has taconite pellet production from 1949 to 2002.
  • 2003 (est)
    • Flow Rate: 5.3 long tons/yr
    • Geography: NSPC mine in Minnesota
    • Reference: Berndt, ME. Mercury and Mining in Minnesota. 2003 (October). Appendix 2
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: This reference has taconite pellet production from 1949 to 2002.
  • 2003 (est)
    • Flow Rate: 8.3 long tons/yr
    • Geography: Hibbing mine in Minnesota
    • Reference: Berndt, ME. Mercury and Mining in Minnesota. 2003 (October). Appendix 2
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: This reference has taconite pellet production from 1949 to 2002.
Iron and steel home scrap production
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 19 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 20 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 18 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 17 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 19 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel plants, blast furnace gas from iron production
  • 1986
    • Flow Rate: 2.5 - 3.5 ton/ton of iron
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Iron and steel production. AP-42. Oct-86. p. 12.5-1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel plants, coke used to produce iron
  • 1986
    • Flow Rate: 0.5 to 0.65 ton/ton of iron
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Iron and steel production. AP-42. Oct-86. p. 12.5-1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel plants, direct shipping ore consumed
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 900,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Iron and Steel Recycling in the United States in 1998, in Flow Studies for Recycling Metal Commodities in the United States, SF Sibley, ed. USGS Circular 1196. 2004. p. G4
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel plants, dust in blast furnace gas from iron production
  • 1986
    • Flow Rate: up to 100 lb/ton of iron
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Iron and steel production. AP-42. Oct-86. p. 12.5-1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel plants, fired pellets from taconite refining consumed
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 63 million metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Iron and Steel Recycling in the United States in 1998, in Flow Studies for Recycling Metal Commodities in the United States, SF Sibley, ed. USGS Circular 1196. 2004. p. G4
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel plants, limestone or dolomite used to produce iron
  • 1986
    • Flow Rate: 0.25 ton/ton of iron
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Iron and steel production. AP-42. Oct-86. p. 12.5-1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel plants, ore or other iron bearing material used to produce iron
  • 1986
    • Flow Rate: 1.4 ton/ton of iron
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Iron and steel production. AP-42. Oct-86. p. 12.5-1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel plants, raw materials (including water and fuel) used to produce sinter
  • 1986
    • Flow Rate: 2.3 Mg/0.9 Mg of sinter
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Iron and steel production. AP-42. Oct-86. p. 12.5-1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel plants, sinter consumed
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 11 million metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Iron and Steel Recycling in the United States in 1998, in Flow Studies for Recycling Metal Commodities in the United States, SF Sibley, ed. USGS Circular 1196. 2004. p. G4
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel plants, slag produced from iron production
  • 1986
    • Flow Rate: 0.2 – 0.4 ton/ton of iron
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Iron and steel production. AP-42. Oct-86. p. 12.5-1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel prompt scrap and old scrap production
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 53 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 56 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 55 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 56 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 57 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel scrap exports
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 6 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 6 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 7 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 9 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 11 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel scrap imported for consumption
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 4 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 4 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 3 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 3 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 3 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel scrap, consumed
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 71 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 74 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 71 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 69 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 69 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel slag production (after metal removal)
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 9 to 14 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. p. 69.2
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel slag sales
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 19.1 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. Table 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 19.7 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. Table 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel slag, import
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 1.1 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. p. 69.3
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel, new scrap
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 56 million metric tons/y generated, 18 million metric tons/y recycled
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Iron and Steel Recycling in the United States in 1998, in Flow Studies for Recycling Metal Commodities in the United States, SF Sibley, ed. USGS Circular 1196. 2004. p. G1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron and steel, old scrap
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 78 million metric tons/y generated, 35 million metric tons/y recycled, 3 million metric tons imported, 6 million metric tons exported
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Iron and Steel Recycling in the United States in 1998, in Flow Studies for Recycling Metal Commodities in the United States, SF Sibley, ed. USGS Circular 1196. 2004. p. G1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron ore, apparent consumption
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 70.1 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 70.2 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 62.0 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 57.9 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 56.1 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron ore, consumption, blast furnaces
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 64,600 thousand metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 6 p. 41.14
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 57,500 thousand metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 6 p. 41.14
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron ore, consumption, steelmaking furnaces
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 177 thousand metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 6 p. 41.14
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 61 thousand metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 6 p. 41.14
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron ore, exports
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 6.1 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 6.1 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 5.6 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 6.8 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 6.4 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron ore, imports for consumption
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 14.3 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 15.7 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 10.7 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 12.5 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 13.0 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron ore, mine production
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,080 million metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 1,120 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron ore, production
  • 1998
    • Flow Rate: 1,045,112 thousand metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 16 p. 41.20
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 1,016,270 thousand metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 16 p. 41.20
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 1,072,688 thousand metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 16 p. 41.20
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 1,050,423 thousand metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 16 p. 41.20
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,084,950 thousand metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 16 p. 41.20
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Iron ore, usable production
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 57.7 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 63.1 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 46.2 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 11,800 thousand metric tons
    • Geography: Michigan
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 2 p. 41.13
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 39,700 thousand metric tons
    • Geography: Minnesota
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Iron Ore. c. 2004. Table 2 p. 41.13
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 51.6 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 50.0 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Kirk, WS. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron Ore., Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (apparent consumption)
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 1,760,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 1,740,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 1,640,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,510,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 1,460,000 metric tons/y (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (consumption, primary and secondary)
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,440,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 1 p. 44.9
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (exported in lead concentrates)
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 94,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 117,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 181,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 241,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 160,000 metric tons/y (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (exported in refined metal, wrought and unwrought)
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 37,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 49,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 35,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 43,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 95,000 metric tons/y (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (imported for consumption in lead concentrates)
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 12,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 31,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 2,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: <500 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: <500 metric tons/y (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (imported for consumption in refined metal, wrought and unwrought)
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 323,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 366,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 284,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 218,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 210,000 metric tons/y (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (produced, primary and secondary)
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 6,390,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: World
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 1 p. 44.9
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (production, mine, lead in concentrates)
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 520,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 465,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 466,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 451,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 450,000 metric tons/y (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (production, primary refinery)
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 350,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 341,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 290,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 262,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 240,000 metric tons/y (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (production, secondary refinery, old scrap)
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 1,060,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 1,080,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 1,050,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,070,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 1,060,000 metric tons/y (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (sheet lead used in building construction, storage tanks, process vessels, etc.)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 16,300 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 18,100 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (sheet lead used in medical radiation shielding)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 6,080 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 7,550 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (shipments from government stockpiles)
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 61,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 32,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 41,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 6,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 60,000 metric tons/y (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Lead. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce "other metal products," including type metal, foil, collapsible tubes, annealing, galvanizing, plating, electrowinning, and fishing weights)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 17,100 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 24,200 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce ammunition, shot and bullets)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 53,600 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 57,600 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce bearing and terne metal used in motor vehicles and equipment)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 498 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 374 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce bearing metals used in non-electrical machinery, electrical and electronic equipment, and non-motor vehicle transportation equipment)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 339 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: value derived from other values found in the source
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 32 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: value derived from other values found in the source
Lead (used to produce brass and bronze, billets and ingots)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 2,590 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 2,730 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce cable covering for power and communication)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 2,256 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: value derived from other values found in the source
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 4,904 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: value derived from other values found in the source
Lead (used to produce casting metals used in electrical machinery and equipment and non-motor vehicle transportation equipment)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 5,340 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: value derived from other values found in the source
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 4,110 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: value derived from other values found in the source
Lead (used to produce casting metals used in motor vehicles and equipment)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 24,100 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 29,400 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce casting metals used in nuclear radiation shielding)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 2,360 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,290 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce caulking lead, building construction)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 927 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,060 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce paint, glass and ceramics products, and other pigments and chemicals)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 43,900 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 51,900 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce pipes, traps and other extruded products used in building construction, storage tanks, process vessels, etc.)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 2,370 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 2,250 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce solder used in building construction)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 1,190 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,320 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce solder used in electronic components, accessories and other electrical equipment)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 3,690 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 3,970 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce solder used in metal cans and shipping containers and in motor vehicles and equipment)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 1,240 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: value derived from other values found in the source
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,160 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: value derived from other values found in the source
Lead (used to produce storage battery grids, post, etc.)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 655,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 554,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead (used to produce storage battery oxides)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 694,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 641,000 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Smith, GR. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Lead. 2004. Table 6 p. 44.12
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lead, in paints and allied products
  • 1993 (projected to remain at this level until 2003)
    • Flow Rate: 9000 tons/yr
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Biviano, MB; Sullivan, DE; Wagner, LA. Total Materials Consumption: An Estimation Methodology and Example Using Lead -- A Materials Flow Analysis. USGS Circular 1183. 1999 (April). p. 8, p. 23
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Lime, hydrated
  • 1994
    • Flow Rate: 2,310,000 Mg
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: USEPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Locating and Estimating Air Emissions from Sources of Mercury and Mercury Compounds. EPA-454/R-97-012. 1997 (December). p. 7-6.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Limestone used in iron ore (taconite) refining
  • Flow Rate: 1 lb/100 lb of iron ore in concentrator
  • Geography: National Steel Pellet Company, Minnesota
  • Reference: National Steel Pellet Company. Iron Ore Processing for the Blast Furnace. Not dated. p. 4.
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Limestone used to make lime
  • Flow Rate: 2 tons/ton
  • Geography: United States
  • Reference: USEPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Locating and Estimating Air Emissions from Sources of Mercury and Mercury Compounds. EPA-454/R-97-012. 1997 (December). p. 7-8
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (consumed by chloralkali industry)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 46 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. Mercury, in USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Recycling – Metals. c. 2004. p. 62.9
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (imports for consumption)
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 62 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 103 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 100 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 209 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 36 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (in dental amalgam)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 44 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. Mercury, in USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Recycling – Metals. c. 2004. p. 62.9
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (in lighting)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 28 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. Mercury, in USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Recycling – Metals. c. 2004. p. 62.9
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (in measuring instruments)
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 22 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. Mercury, in USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Recycling – Metals. c. 2004. p. 62.9
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (in switches)
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 70 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Sznopek, JL; Goonan, TG. The materials flow of mercury in the economies of the United States and the world. USGS Circular 1197. 2000 (June). Table 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1996
    • Flow Rate: 49 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Sznopek, JL; Goonan, TG. The materials flow of mercury in the economies of the United States and the world. USGS Circular 1197. 2000 (June). Figure 7, p. 7
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: Reference states that use of mercury in switches was stable 1992 to 1996 (Fig 3) or there was a drop during that time period (Table 8) or the wiring devices and switches sector is growing (p. 20) – KS Rosselot.
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 60 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. Mercury, in USGS Minerals Yearbook 2002: Recycling – Metals. c. 2004. p. 62.9
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (pre-recovery discards in light switches)
  • 1970
    • Flow Rate: 0.4 short tons/yr
    • Geography: California
    • Reference: California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Mercury report. 2002 (August). Table 5-3
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1980
    • Flow Rate: 0.4 short tons/yr
    • Geography: California
    • Reference: California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Mercury report. 2002 (August). Table 5-3
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1989
    • Flow Rate: 0.4 short tons/yr
    • Geography: California
    • Reference: California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Mercury report. 2002 (August). Table 5-3
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000 (projected)
    • Flow Rate: 1.9 short tons/yr
    • Geography: California
    • Reference: California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Mercury report. 2002 (August). Table 5-3
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (pre-recovery discards in thermostats)
  • 1970
    • Flow Rate: 5.3 short tons/yr
    • Geography: California
    • Reference: California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Mercury report. 2002 (August). Table 5-3
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1980
    • Flow Rate: 7.0 short tons/yr
    • Geography: California
    • Reference: California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Mercury report. 2002 (August). Table 5-3
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1989
    • Flow Rate: 11.2 short tons/yr
    • Geography: California
    • Reference: California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Mercury report. 2002 (August). Table 5-3
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000 (projected)
    • Flow Rate: 10.3 short tons/yr
    • Geography: California
    • Reference: California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Mercury report. 2002 (August). Table 5-3
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (recovered from switches)
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 36 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Sznopek, JL; Goonan, TG. The materials flow of mercury in the economies of the United States and the world. USGS Circular 1197. 2000 (June). Figure 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1996
    • Flow Rate: 16 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Sznopek, JL; Goonan, TG. The materials flow of mercury in the economies of the United States and the world. USGS Circular 1197. 2000 (June). Figure 7, p. 23
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (secondary production)
  • 1996
    • Flow Rate: 446 metric tons/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Sznopek, JL; Goonan, TG. The materials flow of mercury in the economies of the United States and the world. USGS Circular 1197. 2000 (June). Figure 5, p. 6, p. 7, p. 17
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury (used in chlor-alkali production)
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 75,401 lb/yr
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: The Chlorine Institute, Inc. Seventh Annual Report to EPA For the Year 2003. 2004 (July). Table 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury in mercury switches in automobiles on the road
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 200 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Griffith, C; Gearhart, J; Posselt, H; McPherson, A; Gingras, S; Davis, G; Dhingra, R; Kincaid, L. Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury (Implications for Recycling and Disposal). Jan-01. p. 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury switches in automobiles on the road
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 250 million
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Griffith, C; Gearhart, J; Posselt, H; McPherson, A; Gingras, S; Davis, G; Dhingra, R; Kincaid, L. Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury (Implications for Recycling and Disposal). Jan-01. p. 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury switches, automobile
  • c. 2001
    • Flow Rate: 1.06 switches/vehicle
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Barr Engineering Company. Substance Flow Analysis of Mercury in Products. 15-Aug-01. section IV-B-5 citing Griffith et al. Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury Implications for Recycling and Disposal. January 2001: p 15.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury switches, automobile convenience lights only
  • c. 1995
    • Flow Rate: 0.43 switches/vehicle
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Barr Engineering Company. Substance Flow Analysis of Mercury in Products. 15-Aug-01. section IV-B-5 citing MPCA. Automobile Shredder Residue Report. June 1995.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury, exports
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 181 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 182 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 108 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 201 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 287 metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Mercury, mine production
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 1,320 metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 1,360 metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 1,500 metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,510 metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 1,760 metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Mercury. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 1,530 metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Brooks, WE. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Mercury. c. 2004. Table 1 p. 8
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Petroleum production (drilling wastes)
  • 1995
    • Flow Rate: 24 billion L/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). p. 49 citing American Petroleum Institute, 1995, Management of Residuals, API Publication No. 4296, Washington, DC.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Petroleum production (drilling wastes: extracted cuttings and drilling mud)
  • 1995
    • Flow Rate: 24 billion L/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). p. 49 citing American Petroleum Institute, 1995, Management of Residuals, API Publication No. 4296, Washington, DC.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Petroleum production (gas flared)
  • 1996
    • Flow Rate: 7 billion cubic meters
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). p. 47 citing U.S. DOE, 1999, Estimation of Greenhouse Gases, Energy Information Administration, National Energy Information Center, Report EIA/DOE-0573(99).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1996
    • Flow Rate: 7 billion m3/y
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). p. 47 citing Kirchgessner, D. A., Lott, R. A., Cowgill, R. M., Harrison, M. R., and T. M. Shires, 1997, Estimate of Methane Emissions from the U.S. Natural Gas Industry, Chemosphere, 35, 6:1365.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
    • Comments: This is gas flared during production; doesn’t include gas flared at refineries.
Petroleum production (produced water)
  • Flow Rate: 1 billion barrel/yr
  • Geography: offshore in Gulf of Mexico under United States federal or state jurisdiction
  • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). p. 44 citing Stephenson, M., 1992, A Survey of Produced Water Studies, Produced Water: Technological and Environmental Issues and Solutions, Ray, J., ed., Plenum Press, New York, NY.
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • Flow Rate: 1 billion barrel/yr
  • Geography: off-shore under United States federal or state jurisdiction, not in Gulf of Mexico
  • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). p. 44 citing Stephenson, M., 1992, A Survey of Produced Water Studies, Produced Water: Technological and Environmental Issues and Solutions, Ray, J., ed., Plenum Press, New York, NY.
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Petroleum production (produced waters)
  • Flow Rate: 0.4 billion L/y
  • Geography: Gulf of Mexico (ocean)
  • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-1 citing Ray, J. P., 1998, Findings of the Offshore Operators Committee Produced Water Bioaccumulation Study, SPE Paper No. 46838, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Dallas, TX.
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • Flow Rate: 0.64 billion L/y
  • Geography: Gulf of Mexico (ocean)
  • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-1 citing Ray, J. P., 1998, Findings of the Offshore Operators Committee Produced Water Bioaccumulation Study, SPE Paper No. 46838, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Dallas, TX.
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • Flow Rate: 1.74 billion L/y
  • Geography: Gulf of Mexico (coastal Louisiana)
  • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-1 citing Meinhold, A., DePhillips, M., and S. Holtzman, 1996, Final Report: Risk Assessment for Produced Water Discharges to Louisiana Open Bays, Brookhaven National Laboratory Report No. BNL-62579 for U.S. DOE, Brookhaven, NY.
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • Flow Rate: 140 billion L/y
  • Geography: Gulf of Mexico (coastal Louisiana)
  • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-1 citing Trefry, J., Trocine, R., Naito, K., and S. Metz, 1996, Assessing the Potential for Enhanced Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals from Produced Water Discharges to the Gulf of Mexico, in Produced Water 2, Environmental Issues and Mitigation Technologies, Reed, M. and Johnsen, S., eds., Plenum Press, New York, NY.
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 1 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform Elly, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 1,184 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform A, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 139 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform Grace, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 176 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform Edith, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 21 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform Habitat, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 225 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform Hogan, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 273 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform Gail, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 361 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform Hillhouse, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 608 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform Irene, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 704 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform Gilda, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 726 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform B, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 1990
    • Flow Rate: 836 ML/y
    • Geography: Platform C, Southern California
    • Reference: Wilhelm, SM. Mercury in Petroleum and Natural Gas: Estimation of Emissions from Production, Processing, and Combustion. EPA-600/R-01-066. 2001 (September). Table 7-2 citing Raco, V., 1993, Estimated Discharges from Offshore Oil Platforms in the Southern California Bight (Santa Barbara Channel and Santa Maria Basin) in 1990, Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1992-93, Los Angeles, CA. (based on NPDES permits).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Pig iron production
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 46.3 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 47.9 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 42.1 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 40.2 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 39.4 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Pig iron, production
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 604 million metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 634 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Portland cement
  • c. 1990
    • Flow Rate: 71,764 Mg/y clinker (active capacity)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: USEPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Locating and Estimating Air Emissions from Sources of Lead and Lead Compounds. EPA-454/R-98-006. 1998 (May). p. 5-115 to 5-122 citing Portland Cement Association. U.S. and Canadian Portland Cement Industry: Plant Information Summary. Skokie, Illinois: Portland Cement Association, 1991.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Quicklime
  • 1994
    • Flow Rate: 15,100,000 Mg
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: USEPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Locating and Estimating Air Emissions from Sources of Mercury and Mercury Compounds. EPA-454/R-97-012. 1997 (December). p. 7-6.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Scrubber water for basic oxygen furnace for steelmaking
  • c. 1982
    • Flow Rate: 1000 gal/ton steel
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: USEPA Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. Profile of the Iron and Steel Industry. EPA/310-R-95-005. Sep-95. p. 18 citing Development Document for Effluent Limitations Guidelines and Standards for the Iron and Steel Manufacturing Point Source Category, U.S. EPA, Washington, D.C., May 1982 (EPA 440/1-82-024).
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Shredder fluff
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 0.4 short tons/yr
    • Geography: California
    • Reference: California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Mercury report. 2002 (August). p. 71
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel (hot and cold rolled sheets, coated sheets, plate products)
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 4.7 million tons
    • Geography: ISG, Burns Harbor, Indiana
    • Reference: Mercury Agreement Reduction Program (International Steel Group, Ispat Inland, US Steel). 2004 (January). p. 2.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel (hot rolled and cold rolled carbon and high strength low-alloy strip, sheets and coated products, special-quality and alloy bar products
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 5.8 million tons
    • Geography: Ispat Inland, East Chicago, Indiana
    • Reference: Mercury Agreement Reduction Program (International Steel Group, Ispat Inland, US Steel). 2004 (January). p. 2-3.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel (hot rolled and cold rolled carbon and low alloy strip, sheets and coated products)
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 6.7 million tons
    • Geography: US Steel, Gary, Indiana
    • Reference: Mercury Agreement Reduction Program (International Steel Group, Ispat Inland, US Steel). 2004 (January). p. 3.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel (raw), production
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 904 million metric tons
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 924 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: world
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel consumption, apparent
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 116 milliion metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 120 milliion metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 107 milliion metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 107 milliion metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 104 milliion metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel mill products, exports
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 4.9 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 5.9 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 5.6 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 5.4 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 8.2 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel mill products, imports
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 32.4 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 34.4 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 27.3 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 29.6 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 21.7 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel production
  • 1999
    • Flow Rate: 97.4 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2000
    • Flow Rate: 102 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 90.1 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 91.6 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 91.5 million metric tons (estimated)
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel. Jan-04
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel scrap, shredded, from vehicles
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 14 million tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2001
    • Flow Rate: 14 million vehicles
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Fenton, MD. Mineral Commodity Summaries: Iron and Steel Scrap. Jan-04.
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel slag
  • 2002
    • Flow Rate: 8.0 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. Table 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 8.8 million metric tons
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. Table 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Steel slag (after metal removal)
  • 2003
    • Flow Rate: 10%-15% of crude steel output
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: van Oss, HG. USGS Minerals Yearbook 2003: Slag -- Iron and Steel. c. 2004. p. 69.2
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Tailings from iron ore (taconite) refining
  • Flow Rate: 2 ton/ton iron
  • Geography: National Steel Pellet Company, Minnesota
  • Reference: National Steel Pellet Company. Iron Ore Processing for the Blast Furnace. Not dated. p. 2.
  • Posted By: KS Rosselot
Vehicles retired
  • c. 1999
    • Flow Rate: 12 million
    • Geography: United States
    • Reference: Griffith, C; Gearhart, J; Posselt, H; McPherson, A; Gingras, S; Davis, G; Dhingra, R; Kincaid, L. Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury (Implications for Recycling and Disposal). Jan-01. p. 1
    • Posted By: KS Rosselot

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