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Technology Diffusion: Complete List of Reference Documents
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
The ADOP2T Model
Initiating an ADOP2T Program
Reasons to Change
Barriers to Change
State and Regional Efforts
Dictionary
Key Contacts
Acknowledgements
Complete List of Links

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- Article/report -    Top of Page

A Punctuated-Equilibrium Model of Technology Diffusion
Abstract: In this article, Christopher H. Loch and Bernado A. Huberman present an evolutionary model of technology diffusion, in which an old and new technology are available, both of which improve their performance incrementally over time. Technology adopters make repeated choices between the established and the new technology based upon their perceived performance, which is subject to uncertainty. Both technologies exhibit positive externalities, or performance benefits from others using the same technology. Loch and Huberman find that the ?superior? technology will not necessarily be broadly adopted by the population, and they discuss case examples which may demonstrate the occurrence of this sort of punctuated equilibrium. (PDF Format; Length: 18 pages)
Source: Management Science, Vol. 45 No. 2
URL: http://knowledge.insead.edu/abstract.cfm?ct=2263

Accelerated Diffusion of Pollution Prevention Technologies (ADOP2T) [PDF]
Abstract: This article by Tim Lindsey of the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC; formerly WMRC) describes WMRC's model for diffusion of pollution prevention technologies, known as Accelerated Diffusion of Pollution Prevention Technologies or ADOP2T. This model emphasizes that raising P2 awareness is not enough. The key to the model's success will be in providing the "how-to" knowledge required for successful implementation of P2 technologies; the model also provides readily measurable results. Citation: Lindsey, T.C. 1999. "Accelerated Diffusion of Pollution Prevention Technologies (ADOP2T)." Pollution Prevention Review, 9(2), 33-37. (PDF format; Length: 6 pages)
Source: Pollution Prevention Review
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/main_sections/info_services/lib
rary_docs/staff_pub/ADOP2Tpaper.pdf

Advanced Technology Program (ATP)?Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) Technology Diffusion Pilot Project
Abstract: The primary goal of this project was to evaluate the feasibility of the NIST Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) centers serving as a vehicle to accelerate the diffusion of Advanced Technology Program (ATP) technologies to smaller manufacturing enterprises (SMEs). For purposes of this project, technology diffusion was defined as the process by which technologies are introduced to potential user organizations, evaluated by those organizations, and ultimately adopted. By developing and implementing pilot diffusion plans for three selected ATP-funded technologies, the project was designed to accomplish the following objectives: develop a screening process to identify advanced technologies that may be suitable for diffusion to SMEs; evaluate the utility of cross-functional teams selected from multiple MEP centers and ATP technology developers in the technology diffusion process; and identify key success factors and significant obstacles to effective diffusion of selected ATP technologies to SMEs through the MEP system.
Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
URL: http://www.atp.nist.gov/atp/atp_mep.htm

An Exploration of Technology Diffusion
Abstract: How long are technology adoption lags? Can cross-country differences in technology adoption lags account for a significant fraction of cross-country GDP disparities? Diego Comin of Harvard Business School and Bart Hobijn of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York develop a new benchmark to understand the diffusion process of individual technologies and the consequences that this has for aggregate growth. This benchmark provides a rationale for the evolution of diffusion measures that include how many units of technology each adopter has adopted in addition to the traditional extensive margin. The model is estimated to obtain measures of adoption lags for 15 technologies in 166 countries.
Source: Harvard Business School Working Papers
URL: http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/5918.html

An Overview of Technology Diffusion Policies and Programs to Enhance the Technological Absorptive Capabilities of Small and Medium Enterprises
Abstract: This background paper prepared for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry by Philip Shapira and Stuart Rosenfeld considers the meaning of technology diffusion and how technology diffusion measures can be classified. Also includes a discussion of specific policies that aim to increase the technological absorptive capacities of firms, especially small and mid-sized enterprises. A review of technology diffusion approaches in selected OECD countries is then presented, again with an emphasis on measures for small and mid-sized firms.
Source: Georgia Institute of Technology/OECD
URL: http://www.prism.gatech.edu/~jy5/pubs/oecdtech.htm

Chemical Management: Overcoming Barriers to Diffusion
Abstract: Chemical Management Services (CMS) is an innovative alternative to traditional chemical supply, resulting in lower chemical costs and reduced chemical waste. However, only an estimated 3%-6% of applicable companies have adopted CMS. This report identifies the most significant barriers to diffusion and provides a "Top 10" list of recommendations for strengthening and expanding the CMS industry. Written by Thomas J. Bierma and Frank L. Waterstraat. (PDF Format; Length: 110 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/rr/RR87ChemicalManagement.pdf

Chemical Management: Overcoming Barriers to Diffusion
Abstract: Chemical Management Services (CMS) is an innovative alternative to traditional chemical supply, resulting in lower chemical costs and reduced chemical waste. However, only an estimated 3%-6% of applicable companies have adopted CMS. This report identifies the most significant barriers to diffusion and provides a "Top 10" list of recommendations for strengthening and expanding the CMS industry. Written by Thomas J. Bierma and Frank L. Waterstraat. (PDF Format; Length: 110 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/rr/RR87ChemicalManagement.pdf

Compact Fluorescent Lighting in America: Lessons Learned on the Way to Market [PDF]
Abstract: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has released the report, Compact Fluorescent Lighting in America: Lessons Learned on the Way to Market. Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), the report provides an analysis of the market introduction of compact fluorescent lighting (CFL) in the U.S., with an emphasis on identifying lessons that could be applied to the market introduction of other new lighting technologies, such as solid-state lighting (SSL). The report is based on extensive review of CFL literature, interviews with CFL manufacturers regarding their experiences, and PNNL?s own experience with DOE?s CFL market introduction programs. Key findings related to market structure/conditions, consumer wariness, product performance and reliability, utility give-away programs, retail promotion, and other marketing and consumer education efforts provide valuable lessons for government, industry, and energy efficiency organizations. The Department commissioned the report to assist and inform planning for successful market introduction of emerging technologies such as SSL. The findings will guide DOE in its overall planning for SSL commercialization support activities, and can be applied to other technologies that emerge from the DOE research portfolio as well. (PDF Format; Length: 92 pages)
Source: U.S. DOE and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
URL: http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/publications/pdfs/ssl
/cfl_lessons_learned_web.pdf

Diffusion of P2 Innovations [PDF]
Abstract: In this article, Tim Lindsey of the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC; formerly WMRC) provides a comparison of the diffusion of pollution prevention (P2) innovations and other types of technological advances through a review of the literature. He further offers some possible explanations for the relatively slow rate and insights on speeding up the P2 diffusion process. Citation: Lindsey, T.C. 1998. "Diffusion of P2 Innovations." Pollution Prevention Review, 8(1), 1-14. (PDF format; Length: 14 pages)
Source: Pollution Prevention Review
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/main_sections/info_services/lib
rary_docs/staff_pub/diffusing3a.pdf

Effect of Barrel Design on Drag-out Rate [PDF]
Abstract: This report provides the results of a study conducted by the Chicago Metal Finishers Institute (CMFI) with funding from WMRC. The study produced a benchmark test to compare drag-out rates of plating barrels. A survey was also conduced to determine the relative durability of the barrels under study. (PDF Format; Length: 67 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC) & CMFI
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/rr/RR-95.pdf

Evaluation of Ultrafiltration for In-Process Recycling of Cleaning Solution at Ford?s Chicago Stamping Plant [PDF]
Abstract: This report describes a project conducted to evaluate the technical and economic potential for ultrafiltration to recycle aqueous cleaning solutions used at the Ford Stamping Plant in Chicago Heights, IL. Membranes selected for this project were chosen for their ability to remove oil, grease, and particulate contaminants from aqueous cleaning solutions. An ultrafiltration system was retrofitted to the existing Ford die washing system and evaluated for a period of six weeks. Ford employees who cleaned dies and floors using the recycled solution claimed that it cleaned as well or better than fresh, unrecycled cleaning solution. (PDF Format; Length: 23 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/TN60.pdf

Good Technique is All in the Touch [PDF]
Abstract: (See page 5 for article.) This article describes the testing of Laser Touch controlled spraying technology at Fiberglas Fabricators, in Le Center, Minnesota. The testing was conducted by Kevin Sandstrom, an intern from MnTAP?s student intern program.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP) Source Newsletter, Summer/Fall 2001
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/18/17150.pdf

Investing in the Environment
Abstract: In this article, Daniel Chudnovsky says that foreign direct investment by multinational companies (MNCs) may improve the environment in developing countries and calls for vigilance to ensure that this takes place. He notes that ?in industrialized countries, diffusing pollution prevention technologies plays a crucial role in improving the environmental performance of the production sector without lowering its competitiveness.? Thus, special attention should be paid to technology diffusion and to the role played by MNCs? affiliates in this respect.
Source: Our Planet magazine
URL: http://www.ourplanet.com/imgversn/134/chud.html

Key Factors for Promoting Pollution Prevention Technology Adoption [PDF]
Abstract: This article by Tim Lindsey of the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC; formerly WMRC), discusses the results of WMRC projects to determine what types of technical assistance can be provided to industry to expedite the diffusion of proven innovative pollution prevention technologies. Citation: Lindsey, T.C. 2000. "Key Factors for Promoting Pollution Prevention Technology Adoption." Pollution Prevention Review, 10(1), 1-12. (PDF format; Length: 12 pages)
Source: Pollution Prevention Review
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/main_sections/info_services/lib
rary_docs/staff_pub/keyfactors.pdf

Michigan DEQ Receives Award from National Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Abstract: The Michigan Department of Enviornmental Quality (DEQ) Retired Engineer Technical Assistance Program (RETAP) received a Most Valuable Pollution Prevention program (MVP2) award from the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NPPR) in 2003. RETAP was honored for its effectiveness in encouraging the adoption of pollution prevention technologies by small- and medium-size businesses.
Source: Michigan DEQ
URL: http://www.michigan.gov/deq/0,1607,7-135-3308_3323-75275--,0
0.html

Oily Waste Reduction and Recycling Pilot Test [PDF]
Abstract: Written by Tim Lindsey and Tony Montemurro, this report describes a pilot project conducted at the Outboard Marine Corporation (OMC) manufacturing facility in Waukegan, IL. The project involved the comparison of ultrafiltration and vapor recompression recovery technologies on the water soluble die lubricant waste produced at the OMC facility. (PDF Format; Length: 38 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/TN94-038.pdf

Overcoming Barriers to Pollution Prevention in Small Businesses: Applications in the Metal Parts Fabrication Industry [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this research summarized in this report was to answer two fundamental questions: (1) Why is business adopting pollution prevention (P2) so slowly despite the financial and environmental benefits of P2 and the extensive promotion efforts of federal, state and local government? And (2) What strategies could be used to significantly accelerate the adoption of P2 by business? The researchers provide a number of recommendations for improving P2 promotion which include revising accounting methods, utilizing existing individuals in the MPF managers? ?comfort zone? to promote P2, and changing the P2 language. Written by Thomas J. Bierma and Frank L. Waterstraat. (PDF Format; Length: 51 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/rr/RR-E75.PDF

Overcoming Barriers to Pollution Prevention in Small Businesses: Applications in the Metal Parts Fabrication Industry [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this research summarized in this report was to answer two fundamental questions: (1) Why is business adopting pollution prevention (P2) so slowly despite the financial and environmental benefits of P2 and the extensive promotion efforts of federal, state and local government? And (2) What strategies could be used to significantly accelerate the adoption of P2 by business? The researchers provide a number of recommendations for improving P2 promotion which include revising accounting methods, utilizing existing individuals in the MPF managers? ?comfort zone? to promote P2, and changing the P2 language. Written by Thomas J. Bierma and Frank L. Waterstraat. (PDF Format; Length: 51 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/rr/RR-E75.PDF

Pollution Prevention Assistance Tools for the Fiber Reinforced Plastics and Boat Manufacturing Industries
Abstract: MnTAP, in partnership with the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) Small Business Assistance Program (SBAP), assisted fiberglass shops with implementing pollution prevention strategies that will help the industry meet or go beyond regulatory thresholds for compliance with OSHA and the Clean Air Act (CAA). Styrene reduction strategies include maximizing transfer of resin into the mold, reducing styrene content in resins, and curing resins in a closed system. This project documented results from three shops with five different methods or technologies.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP)
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/26/25282.htm

The Economics of Technology Diffusion: Implications for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Developing Countries [PDF]
Abstract: In this paper Alan Blackman reviews the current state of knowledge on diffusion of new technologies. He describes seven types of policy options that are available to influence the speed of climate-friendly technology diffusion in developing countries. Copyright 1997 Resources for the Future. All Rights Reserved. (PDF Format; Length: 10 pages)
Source: Resources for the Future
URL: http://www.rff.org/rff/Documents/RFF-CCIB-05.pdf


- Audio/video -    Top of Page

ADOP2T Videos
Abstract: At this web site you may download or watch several video clips related to the ISTC Accelerated Diffusion of Pollution Prevention Technologies (ADOP2T) program, including an overview of ADOP2T and case studies from Northwest Plating, SWD Inc. Faster and Sorting Corp. and Craftsman Plating & Tinning Corp. Requires WindowsMedia Player 9 or greater; a link is provided for a free download of this software.
Source: Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC)
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/main_sections/tech_assist/adop2
t_videos.cfm

ADOP2T Videos
Abstract: At this web site you may download or watch several video clips related to the ISTC Accelerated Diffusion of Pollution Prevention Technologies (ADOP2T) program, including an overview of ADOP2T and case studies from Northwest Plating, SWD Inc. Faster and Sorting Corp. and Craftsman Plating & Tinning Corp. Requires WindowsMedia Player 9 or greater; a link is provided for a free download of this software.
Source: Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC)
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/main_sections/tech_assist/adop2
t_videos.cfm


- Case study/success story -    Top of Page

Automotive Plant Reduces Cleaner Usage [PDF]
Abstract: This case study describes a pilot project at Eagle Wings Industries, Inc. (EWI), an automotive parts original equipment manufacturer located in Rantoul. IL. EWI discharged more than 26,000 gallons of alkaline waste to its water treatment plant each year, in addition to the loss of 8,000 gallons of cleaning chemicals. The annual cost of disposal exceeded $33,000. EWI?s pilot system of 4-5 foot long ultrafiltration membranes was set up to pull dirty solution from the process? first stage bath and return a clean permeate stream to the second stage bath. Economically, the installation of the ultrafiltration system paid back within one year. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/00-073.pdf

Conductivity Control System Technology [PDF]
Abstract: As part of the WMRC Accelerated Diffusion of Pollution Prevention Technologies (ADOP2T) program, staff engineers worked with API Industries, Inc. to install and monitor electrodeless conductivity control systems in two different rinse tanks. API, a metal plater, was looking for assistance in lowering their water usage and loading on their wastewater treatment system. The new technology resulted in a water savings of 2,808,000 gallons of water per year. (PDF format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/00-72.pdf

Conductivity Control System Technology [PDF]
Abstract: As part of the WMRC Accelerated Diffusion of Pollution Prevention Technologies (ADOP2T) program, staff engineers worked with API Industries, Inc. to install and monitor electrodeless conductivity control systems in two different rinse tanks. API, a metal plater, was looking for assistance in lowering their water usage and loading on their wastewater treatment system. The new technology resulted in a water savings of 2,808,000 gallons of water per year. (PDF format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/00-72.pdf

Controlled Spraying and Laser Touch in the Fiber Reinforced Plastics Industry [PDF]
Abstract: This case study describes the testing of Laser Touch controlled spraying technology at Fiberglas Fabricators, in Le Center, Minnesota by an intern from MnTAP. Controlled spraying significantly reduces styrene emissions from open mold fiber reinforced application processes, benefiting plant personnel, the manufacturing operation and natural environment by increasing materials transfer efficiency. The improved accuracy and consistency provided by proper training and the use of the Laser Touch® ensures material placement, also maximizing transfer efficiency. (PDF Format; Length: 3 pages)
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP)
URL: http://mntap.umn.edu/fiber/89-LaserTouch.pdf

Coolant Recycling and Waste Water Reduction Alternatives for Aluminum Disc Polishing Industry
Abstract: A manufacturer of aluminum discs used for the production of CD-ROMs and other computer peripherals was discharging a high biological oxygen demand (BOD) effluent at a rate of 35,000 gallons/day. This waste was consuming approximately 20% of the local POTWs wastewater treatment capacity. Preliminary process assessment indicated an opportunity to greatly reduce chemical usage through recycling and reuse of machine coolant, alkaline cleaner and rinse water. A pilot membrane filtration module was installed at the manufacturing facility; this case study relates the results of this pilot study. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/cerioncs.pdf

Electro-Shield Beats Payback Trial Period for Conductivity-Controlled Rinsing System
Abstract: This case study from the KPPC Metal Finishing Intiative (MFI) describes how Electro-Shield Plating, Incorporated is saving money with conductivity-controlled rinsing systems.
Source: Kentucky Pollution Prevention Center (KPPC)
URL: http://www.kppc.org/about/Success%20Stories/CRS.cfm

Fiber Reinforced Plastic Shop Complies with New Air Permit Regulations [PDF]
Abstract: Sunrise Fiberglass Company replaced spray equipment with nonatomized equipment in open mold process. Low styrene resin replaced traditional resin. The company reduced its styrene emissions by 43 percent, meeting the requirements of its new air permit without lost production time or excess capital costs. (PDF Format; Length: 3 pages)
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP)
URL: http://mntap.umn.edu/fiber/83-Sunrise.pdf

Fiber Reinforced Plastics Shop Implements Light RTM to Produce Parts [PDF]
Abstract: This case study describes the pollution prevention efforts of Phoenix Industries in Crookston, MN. Phoenix Industries converted 60% of molded part production to closed molding and light Resin Transfer Molding (RTM) is used for a quarter of this closed molding. Payback on the new equipment was less than two years, and these efforts resulted in reduced styrene emissions, cleaner production and better material efficiency. (PDF Format; Length: 4 pages)
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP)
URL: http://mntap.umn.edu/fiber/41-Phoenix.pdf

Membrane Filtration Technology [PDF]
Abstract: This fact sheet describes membrane filtration technology and provides three case studies in which WMRC helped Illinois companies with membrane filtration applications. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/98-052.pdf

Nitric Acid Pickling Bath Recovery [PDF]
Abstract: Gerlin Inc. located in Carol Stream, IL manufactures stainless steel pipe fittings and flanges. As part of Gerlin?s process, stainless steel parts undergo a pickling bath step to provide the parts the required surface quality. WMRC engineers developed a pilot project using diffusion dialysis acid recovery technology to assist Gerlin. This fact sheet describes the benefits Gerlin experienced as the result of this project and the factors involved in the company?s decision to implement the technology. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/00-068.pdf

Pilot of Pollution Prevention Technology Application Analysis Template Utilizing Acid Recovery System [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of the technology application analysis template is to assist potential users in evaluating the applicability of innovative pollution prevention technology. This technology application analysis characterizes the main features of the Acid Recovery System manufactured by Zero Discharge Technologies, which recovers acids from various metal plating operations. This report presents four full scale applications, including benefits, costs associated with implementation, regulatory aspects and lessons learned from the application experience. (PDF Format; Length: 22 pages)
Source: The Strategic Envirotechnology Partnership (STEP)
URL: http://www.mass.gov/Eoeea/docs/eea/step/zero_discharge_asses
sment.pdf

Recycling of Cleaning Solution at the Ford Stamping Plant [PDF]
Abstract: Describes an ultrafiltration pilot project conducted by WMRC engineers at Ford?s Chicago Heights, IL stamping plant. Ultrafiltration was used to remove contaminants from aqueous solutions used for cleaning floors and dies at the plant so that these solutions could be reused. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/fordstmpcs.pdf

Reducing Chemical Waste Through Distillation [PDF]
Abstract: This case study highlights pollution prevention efforts at Alexian Brothers Medical Center, located in the Chicago suburb of Elk Grove Village. Hospital officials were interested in recycling ethanol and xylene laboratory waste solvents. They hoped to reduce or eliminate disposal cost, reduce cost and usage of new chemicals and control inventory in the laboratory. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/tn00-074.pdf

Reducing Water and Metal Discharges at Ace Plating Company [PDF]
Abstract: Ace Plating Company is a small Chicago job shop offering a variety of decorative electroplating finishes including types of brass, nickel, bronze and copper. This case study describes how WMRC engineers worked with Ace to reduce their water usage, dragout, and metals discharged to the sewer. The effect of implementing P2 was clearly seen on the company?s bottom line. The cost of implementing full countercurrent rinsing was recouped in about six months. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/99-066.pdf

Roller Mill Coolant Recovery [PDF]
Abstract: Describes a pilot project at B-Line Systems, Inc., a manufacturer of metal support systems used in electrical and mechanical systems for conduit, process piping, wiring and other equipment. Implementation of membrane filtration technology in B-Line?s roller mill operations and their press operations was expected to save the company approximately $46,000 per year, with an expected payback on the project of less than seven months. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/00-069.pdf

Wenger Corporation Saves Over $93,000 by Reducing Powder Paint Use and Rework
Abstract: With assistance from a MnTAP intern, Wenger Corporation decreased its use of powder coating paint in the manufacture of music equipment.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP)
URL: http://mntap.umn.edu/intern/projects/wenger.htm


- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

Acid Recycling Technology
Abstract: This fact sheet describes acid recovery technology through diffusion dialysis. Also includes a case study involving a pilot project using diffusion dialysis at Gerlin, Inc., a manufacturer of stainless steel fittings and flanges in Carol Stream, IL. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/00-070.pdf

ADOP2T for Metal Forming and Machining Sectors [PDF]
Abstract: ISTC has developed a technical assistance program to improve adoption of pollution prevention technologies in the metal forming and machining sectors. The ADOP2T program is a process of identifying best practices and executing brief demonstrations and extended pilot trials of P2 practices and technologies in actual industrial facilities. These pilot trials will provide the site specific information required to influence companies' decisions to adopt these technologies where economically and technically feasible. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC; formerly WMRC)
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/main_sections/info_services/lib
rary_docs/tn/00-076.pdf

ADOP2T for Metal Forming and Machining Sectors [PDF]
Abstract: ISTC has developed a technical assistance program to improve adoption of pollution prevention technologies in the metal forming and machining sectors. The ADOP2T program is a process of identifying best practices and executing brief demonstrations and extended pilot trials of P2 practices and technologies in actual industrial facilities. These pilot trials will provide the site specific information required to influence companies' decisions to adopt these technologies where economically and technically feasible. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC; formerly WMRC)
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/main_sections/info_services/lib
rary_docs/tn/00-076.pdf

ADOP2T for the Metal Finishing Industry [PDF]
Abstract: ISTC has developed a technical assistance program to improve adoption of pollution prevention technologies in the metal finishing industry. The ADOP2T program is a process of identifying best practices and executing brief demonstrations and extended pilot trials of pollution prevention practices and technologies in actual metal finishing facilities. These pilot trials will provide the site specific information required to influence companies' decisions to adopt these technologies where economically and technically feasible. This factsheet provides a summary of the top nine selected ADOP2T projects as developed with the help of local metal finishers and technical consultants. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC; formerly WMRC)
URL: http://www.istc.illinois.edu/main_sections/info_services/lib
rary_docs/tn/00-075.pdf

Computational Engineering Technology Diffusion Network [PDF]
Abstract: Describes a technology diffusion initiative of APAC to stimulate more widespread adoption of computational engineering technologies across manufacturing. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Australian Partnership for Advanced Computing (APAC)
URL: http://www.apac.edu.au/programs/technology_diffusion/Computa
tional%20Engineering%20TD%20Network%20Presentation.pdf

Copper Reduction in QMA's Wastewater Using TMT [PDF]
Abstract: QMA, Inc. is located at 1390 Lunt Avenue in Elk Grove Village, IL. The company makes printed wiring boards (PWBs) and employs about 40 people. QMA wanted to reduce the cost of disposing of its wastewater which was being hauled off site. The company also wanted to improve workplace safety by eliminating 3,000 gallons of highly acidic wastewater which had to be stored in the plant awaiting disposal. QMA company officials attended a workshop presented by the Illinois Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC) for the printed wiring board sector and asked WMRC for assistance. This factsheet details a pilot project performed by WMRC scientists to demonstrate the use of TMT to reduce copper contaminant in QMA's wastewater. The pilot treatment process convinced QMA to adopt the use of TMT for treatment of its wastewater, resulting in a safer workplace and an annual savings of $20,000. (PDF Format; Length: 4 pages)
Source: Illinois Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/tn05-082.pdf

Copper Reduction in QMA's Wastewater Using TMT [PDF]
Abstract: QMA, Inc. is located at 1390 Lunt Avenue in Elk Grove Village, IL. The company makes printed wiring boards (PWBs) and employs about 40 people. QMA wanted to reduce the cost of disposing of its wastewater which was being hauled off site. The company also wanted to improve workplace safety by eliminating 3,000 gallons of highly acidic wastewater which had to be stored in the plant awaiting disposal. QMA company officials attended a workshop presented by the Illinois Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC) for the printed wiring board sector and asked WMRC for assistance. This factsheet details a pilot project performed by WMRC scientists to demonstrate the use of TMT to reduce copper contaminant in QMA's wastewater. The pilot treatment process convinced QMA to adopt the use of TMT for treatment of its wastewater, resulting in a safer workplace and an annual savings of $20,000. (PDF Format; Length: 4 pages)
Source: Illinois Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/tn05-082.pdf

Electrocoagulation Technology: Ace Plating II [PDF]
Abstract: WMRC investigated the electrocoagulation process to determine its effectiveness. If this technology could be proven to be as effective in actual process as reported in lab studies, it would be a valuable tool for cost-effective water recycling and reuse. WMRC worked with Ace Plating, an electroplater in the Chicago area that agreed to host a series of tests. WMRC engineers had previously worked with Ace to reduce their water usage, dragout, and metals discharged to the sewer. The pollution prevention goal was to recycle the process rinse waters and eventually achieve zero process water discharge to the sewer. Equipment from two separate vendors was tested. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/TN/00-71Electrocoagulation.pdf

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) RETAP Technology Demonstration Program [PDF]
Abstract: This fact sheet provides a description of the Retired Engineers Technical Assistance Program?s (RETAP) Technology Demonstration Program. The program provides an opportunity for small companies in Michigan to receive funds to partially cover expenditures for implementing innovative but commercially available pollution prevention technologies. The implementations funded by this program serve as demonstrations for encouraging other businesses or industries to adopt the technology.
Source: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ
URL: http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-ess-p2-retaptechdem
o-factsheet.pdf

Spray Painting and Coating Waste Reduction Alternatives [PDF]
Abstract: Opportunities for reducing waste exist throughout the coating process, from product design through manufacturing, coating and cleaning. This fact sheet discusses how businesses can incorporate waste reduction strategies into their coating processes to reduce or eliminate paint related wastes and emissions. MnTAP has initiated the early stages of an ADOP2T-style technology diffusion process with the painting/coating sector.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP)
URL: http://mntap.umn.edu/paint/85-Alternatives.pdf

Technology Descriptions [PDF]
Abstract: This document provides alphabetically ordered descriptions of technologies and equipment that may be of use to technical assistance providers and others interested in increasing awareness knowledge of pollution prevention technologies. Compiled by Debra Jacobson, WMRC. (PDF Format; Length: 18 pages)
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.glrppr.org/hubs/hub504/Technology-Descriptions.pd
f


- Manual/handbook/curriculum -    Top of Page

Pollution Prevention for the Metal Finishing Industry: A Manual for Pollution Prevention Technical Assistance Providers
Abstract: This manual moves from a general overview of the most common metal finishing techniques to in-depth dissections of P2 practices in plating, rinsing, and prefinishing operations. It suggests alternative methods of metal deposition and provides advice on the general design of a metal finishing facility.
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC) & NEWMOA
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/manuals/finishing/toc1.htm

Pollution Prevention in Metal Painting and Coating Operations: A Manual for Pollution Prevention Technical Assistance Providers
Abstract: This manual specifically targets P2 methods for reducing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted during the coating of metal substrates. It stresses the use of low-VOC paints and coatings (i.e., high-solids, waterborne and powder coatings that contain lower solvent concentrations than conventional paints) as well as techniques and technologies that can increase transfer efficiency. Methods for reducing the amount of solvents used during other stages of the coatings process, particularly surface preparation and equipment cleaning, are also featured.
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC) & NEWMOA
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/manuals/coatings/toc.htm

Pollution Prevention in the Primary Metals Industry: A Manual for Pollution Prevention Technical Assistance Providers
Abstract: Primary Metals (SIC 3300) and the pollution associated with it, varies dramatically depending on the type of operation. The type of facility, metal and non-metal inputs, processes and equipment all factor into the pollution sources and prevention opportunities. Therefore, this manual divides the industries into six categories: steel making, ferrous and non-ferrous foundry operations, non-ferrous metal refining aluminum, non-ferrous metal refining copper, non-ferrous metal refining lead, and non-ferrous metal refining zinc. The processes, waste streams and pollution prevention opportunities are discussed independently for each section.
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC) & NEWMOA
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/manuals/primmetals/intro1.htm


- Other resources -    Top of Page

Diffusion of Innovations (Fifth Edition)
Abstract: Everett M. Rogers provides a revision of the theoretical framework and the research evidence supporting this model of diffusion, and introduces new concepts and new theoretical viewpoints. Check your library or local bookstore for this book, or you may order it directly from the publisher at http://www.simonsays.com/content/content.cfm?isbn=0743222091&sid=33. Citation: Roger, E. M. Diffusion of Innovations. New York: The Free Press, 2003.
Source: The Free Press, New York
URL:

Federal, State and Local Government Collaboration in Environmental Technology Development and Diffusion
Abstract: This web site describes a project conducted by the Science and Technology Policy Institute analyzing relationships between federal, state and local government's efforts to promote the development and implementation of environmental technologies with an emphasis on innovative regional, state, and local programs.
Source: RAND Science and Technology Policy Institute
URL: http://www.rand.org/scitech/stpi/Environ/stloc.html

Illinois EPA Pollution Prevention Internship Program
Abstract: This portion of the IEPA web site describes the agency?s pollution prevention internship program, including summaries of past internship projects. IEPA?s Office of Pollution Prevention recruits upper-level university students to work on pollution prevention (P2) projects during the summer. While students have been placed primarily at manufacturing facilities, they have also worked at small business development centers, trade associations, local government facilities, environmental groups and military installations. The purpose of the program is to help facilities identify, research and pilot P2 technologies and practices.
Source: Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA)
URL: http://www.epa.state.il.us/p2/internships/index.html

Minnesota ReTAP
Abstract: The Minnesota Retired Engineer Technical Assistance Program (ReTAP) provides free, confidential, non-regulatory pollution prevention and waste reduction assistance to Minnesota businesses, industries and institutions. Minnesota ReTAP focuses on the non-manufacturing commercial and service sectors, conducting integrated environmental assessments and making waste and pollution reduction recommendations. Minnesota ReTAP may identify a problem and refer the client to an MnTAP specialist who can further assist the company or organization.
Source: Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance (MOEA)
URL: http://www.moea.state.mn.us/p2/retap.cfm


- Web site -    Top of Page

Environmental Technology Opportunities Portal (ETOP)
Abstract: EPA has developed an on-line network called the Environmental Technology Opportunities Portal (ETOP). ETOP is designed to relay funding opportunities, information, and links to several EPA programs that assist in development and commercialization and others that foster the use and acceptance of innovative technologies through collaborative recognition and incentive, and advocacy and information programs. The site features sections for EPA Programs, Technology Developers, and Technology Users.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/etop/

Kentucky Pollution Prevention Center Metal Finishing Initiative (MFI)
Abstract: This portion of the KPPC web site describes an initiative to work with Kentucky industries that conduct electroplating and surface finishing operations. The purpose of the MFI is to illustrate how pollution prevention (P2) can benefit companies through the implementation of P2 technologies. The site includes presentations from an October 2001 training, the mission and goals of the MFI, a list of MFI partners, a list of metal finishing resources and links to MFI case studies.
Source: Kentucky Pollution Prevention Center (KPPC)
URL: http://www.kppc.org/resources/workshops/MetalFinishing/

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) RETAP Student Internship Program
Abstract: This portion of the DEQ web site describes the Retired Engineer Technical Assistance Program (RETAP) Student Internship Program. Engineering students are placed in small to medium size Michigan companies to work on projects that integrate P2 practices and technologies into manufacturing operations. DEQ compensates the interns.
Source: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ)
URL: http://www.michigan.gov/deq/0,1607,7-135-3585_4127_4176-1187
2--,00.html

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Retired Engineer Technical Assistance Demonstration Program
Abstract: The mission of RETAP is to provide quality pollution prevention assistance to Michigan?s small businesses and institutions, identify opportunities that would reduce the volume of waste materials generated by manufacturing and commercial operations, and facilitate the implementation of P2 opportunities. This web site describes the program and includes an assessor application, references from assessed facilities, case studies and other publications, and related links.
Source: Michigan DEQ
URL: http://www.michigan.gov/deq/0,1607,7-135-3307_3668_4848---,0
0.html

MnTAP Student Intern Program
Abstract: This portion of the Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP) web site describes the organization?s student internship program. MnTAP hires and pays college junior or senior college students to work in Minnesota companies during the summer to research solutions to specific waste-related problems.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP)
URL: http://mntap.umn.edu/intern/index.htm

MnTAP: Fiberglass
Abstract: This portion of the MnTAP web site focused on pollution prevention strategies and techniques for the fiberglass reinforced plastics industry. It includes information on closed molding, open molding, volatile emissions, training and relevant associations and regulations that apply to this sector. MnTAP has initiated the early stages of an ADOP2T-style technology diffusion process with the fiberglass reinforced plastics sector.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP)
URL: http://mntap.umn.edu/fiber/index.htm

National Compliance Assistance Clearinghouse
Abstract: The clearinghouse provides quick access to compliance tools, contacts, and information on planned activities available on the internet from across the EPA as well as other compliance assistance providers.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/compliance/assistance/clearinghouse.html

U.S. EPA: Human Health Research Program
Abstract: EPA's Human Health Research Program offers this Web site on the latest information on its research to protect public health. The program's science looks at such questions as why some people are more sensitive to pollution and how exposure to chemicals affects people's health. The site is designed for the general public as well as for the scientific community. The site provides easy access to research and results on methods, tools, and data needed to improve risk assessments to protect the public. Visitors to the site will find an overview of the research, information on how research has contributed to decision making, resource materials available in journal publications and reports, and a listing of meetings and conferences.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
URL: http://www.epa.gov/hhrp/

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The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Technology Diffusion Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Contact email: glrppr@istc.illinois.edu

Hub Last Updated: 12/9/2010

GLRPPR is a member of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange, a national network of regional information centers: NEWMOA (Northeast), WRRC (Southeast), GLRPPR (Great Lakes), ZeroWasteNet (Southwest), P2RIC (Plains), Peaks to Prairies (Mountain), WSPPN (Pacific Southwest), PPRC (Northwest).

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