Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated. GLRPPR has converted several of its Topic Hubs to LibGuides, which allow for integration of some social features.
View the converted hubs, as well as other LibGuides related to pollution prevention and sustainability, in the University of Illinois' LibGuides Community.
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Driving to Green Buildings: The Transportation Energy Intensity of Buildings
Abstract: The energy employees typically use to travel to and from an average office building during a given time period--its transportation energy intensity--can be a third to twice the energy used to run the building during the same time period. Hence attention to the total ecological footprint of a building must consider more than just the energy efficiency of the building. This September 2007 article from BuildingGreen, Inc.:
- Identifies eight factors - largely controlled by planners, designers, developers and regulators - that dramatically affect the transportation energy intensity of buildings. Among them are the "D-factors:" Density, Distance to transit, Diversity of uses, and Design of streetscapes.
- Examines strategies for lowering transportation energy intensity through changes in locating buildings and adjacent land uses.
- Discusses how to develop and calculate a building performance metric that specifies the transportation efficiency of a building.
Measures to reduce transportation energy use can also have significant additional benefits relating to water runoff, urban heat island mitigation and habitat protection, while creating more vibrant, livable communities. The article also links to an annotated checklist of strategies for achieving transportation-efficient communities that includes: Support transit-oriented development (TOD); Encourage mixed use; Encourage alternative means of transportation; Increase density; Eliminate parking minimums; Change height and floor area ratio (FAR) limits; and Change public and private incentives. Written by Alex Wilson with Rachel Navaro.
Source: Environmental Building News, September 2007
Historic Neighborhood Schools Success Stories
Abstract: Contains examples, showing how people across the country preserved these architectural landmarks, held onto neighborhood anchors, and created uniquely enriching educational settings.
Source: National Trust for Historic Preservation
NY-CHPS High Performance Schools Guidelines
Abstract: The State Education Department (SED) and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) created these guidelines, known as the "Collaborative for High Performance Schools" (NY-CHPS), to encourage the use of energy efficient design when building and renovating schools. NY-CHPS will help schools develop and maintain learning environments that contribute to improved academic achievement while reducing operating costs and protecting and conserving our natural resources. Schools built according to the NY-CHPS guidelines are durable, easy to maintain, healthy, energy efficient, and comfortable. These improvements contribute to a better learning environment that has been shown to contribute to reduced absenteeism and better teacher and staff retention. Main sections of the guidelines cover the school site, water, energy, materials, indoor air quality, O&M, and "extra credit" considerations. SED and NYSERDA established an Advisory Council to help guide the creation of the NY-CHPS guidelines. That Advisory Council consisted of members of the following groups: the Council of School Superintendents, the Association of School Business Officials, the Association of Educational Safety and Health Professionals, the Superintendents of Buildings and Grounds Association, the New York State Department of Health, the Healthy Schools Network, the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, the Association of Energy Engineers, and the American Institute of Architects. The guidelines are available for download in PDF Format (Length: 145 pages) at the URL listed here.
Source: NYSERDA and NY SED