Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated. GLRPPR has converted several of its Topic Hubs to LibGuides, which allow for integration of some social features.
View the converted hubs, as well as other LibGuides related to pollution prevention and sustainability, in the University of Illinois' LibGuides Community.
Auto Salvage-Great Lakes Region: Browse by Keyword
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Abstract: Car Heaven is an innovative initiative of the Clean Air Foundation, designed to take high polluting cars off the road. Car Heaven accepts donated cars, which are recycled, and the proceeds from the sale of the car parts support worthy charities. Those donating vehicles receive a free tow, and a minimum $60 charitable receipt for their donated car. Donated cars are picked up and processed by a local member of the Ontario Automotive Recyclers Association (OARA) in communities throughout Ontario.
Source: The Clean Air Foundation
Mercury Use?Automotive Sector [PDF]
Abstract: The Wisconsin Mercury SourceBook was designed as a working document to help guide communities through the process of writing comprehensive community mercury reduction plans. This section of the SourceBook contains: information on mercury-containing products unique to the automotive industry as well as products used in other sectors; case studies; action ideas; a sample proclamation that explains the mercury issue and possible mercury minimization options for the automotive industry; and current mercury projects within this industry. (PDF Format; Length: 21 pages)
Source: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Product Stewardship Opportunities Within the Automotive Industry [PDF]
Abstract: This report presents information on the vehicle design process, materials used in vehicles and some of the trends in materials used. It also describes factors that can influence materials used, and presents challenges and opportunities to address materials of concern, recyclable materials and recycled-content in vehicles. Prepared for the Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance (MOEA) by Five Winds International. (PDF Format; Length: 151 pages)
Source: MOEA and Five Winds International
Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) Final Rule Summary
Abstract: This page provides a summary of the Significant New Alternatives Policy for ozone depleting substances such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Anyone who produces a substitute must provide the Agency with health and safety studies, as well as notify the Agency at least 90 days before introducing it into interstate commerce for use as an alternative. This requirement applies to chemical manufacturers, but may include importers, formulators or end-users when they are responsible for introducing a substitute into commerce.
Source: U.S. EPA
State Mercury Car Switch Initiatives
Abstract: Automobiles have historically used mercury-containing switches. The chemical and physical properties of mercury are used in mechanisms to turn on the hood, trunk, or door lights when they are opened, and/or to operate some anti-lock brake systems (ABS systems). While most manufacturers are committed to designing new cars without mercury in the switches, the problem remains for all of the mercury switches contained in cars on the road today. Unless programs are in place to collect these mercury switches before the automobiles get crushed and recycled, mercury can be released into the air, soil and water during crushing, or from subsequent management in electric arc furnaces (EAFs). A number of state regulatory agencies have raised concerns regarding the use of mercury switches in automobiles and have taken steps to address this problem through legislative efforts, pilot projects and outreach campaigns. This portion of the U.S. EPA web site lists descriptions of state car switch programs throughout the U.S., with links to program web sites where available.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury, Implications for Recycling and Disposal [PDF]
Abstract: Produced by the Clean Car Campaign of the Ecology Center, Great Lakes United, and the University of Tennessee Center for Clean Products and Clean Technologies, this report examines the use of mercury in automobiles and estimates its releases to the environment from end-of-life vehicle (ELV) processing. It holds that emissions from vehicle recycling and disposal practices are one of the largest sources of mercury contamination to the environment. The report examines strategies for cleaner production and proposes key policy solutions to eliminate mercury hazards from new and existing vehicles. (PDF Format; Length: 76 pages)
Source: Clean Car Campaign
U.S. EPA: Human Health Research Program
Abstract: EPA's Human Health Research Program offers this Web site on the latest information on its research to protect public health. The program's science looks at such questions as why some people are more sensitive to pollution and how exposure to chemicals affects people's health. The site is designed for the general public as well as for the scientific community. The site provides easy access to research and results on methods, tools, and data needed to improve risk assessments to protect the public. Visitors to the site will find an overview of the research, information on how research has contributed to decision making, resource materials available in journal publications and reports, and a listing of meetings and conferences.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Use of MT-31 and MT-31-1 Prohibited Under EPA?s SNAP Program
Abstract: MT-31 was deemed acceptable as a refrigerant substitute for CFC-12 (and HCFC-22) by EPA's Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) Program on June 3, 1997. Since that date, EPA has become aware of potentially adverse health risks from overexposure to a chemical contained in MT-31 and MT-31-1. Information on safe handling of these refrigerant substitutes is provided.
Source: U.S. EPA