Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated.
GLRPPR has converted several of its Topic Hubs to LibGuides, which allowed for integration of some social features. View the converted hubs, as well as other LibGuides related to pollution prevention and sustainability, in the University of Illinois' LibGuides Community.
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Auto Mercury Switch Removal
Abstract: This portion of the U.S. EPA Region 5 web site contains links to information related to automotive mercury, including: information on how to find, remove, and replace mercury switches used in convenience lighting in various types of vehicles; guidance from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) on regulatory issues related to auto mercury switch removal; and information on NYSDEC programs to promote proper management of mercury-containing switches in autos.
Source: U.S. EPA Region 5
Automotive Recyclers Association (ARA)
Abstract: The Automotive Recyclers Association (ARA) is an international trade association that represents an industry dedicated to the efficient removal and reuse of automotive parts, and the safe disposal of inoperable motor vehicles.
Best Management Practices for Dismantling of Vehicles for Parts Selling and Salvage [PDF]
Abstract: This fact sheet provides best management practices for vehicle dismantling to prevent stormwater contamination and outlines which uncontaminated non-stormwater discharges are allowed.
Source: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Compliance Manual for Indiana's Auto Salvage Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this manual is to provide the auto salvage facility sector with concise, comprehensive environmental regulatory information in an easy-to-use format. This manual contains information concerning the various environmental rules with which auto salvage facilities must comply and for which IDEM has jurisdiction. (PDF Format; Length: 88 pages)
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM)
Concerned Auto Recyclers (CARS) of Wisconsin
Abstract: The mission of CARS is to promote safe automotive recycling through education. The CARS web site includes a searchable inventory of parts available; a members list of auto recyclers and affiliates; a newsletter; a publication called the ?Employee Page? that addresses specific issues of interest for employees of CARS members; a section on safety and loss control; a calendar of events; and a list of industry links.
End of Life Vehicle Solutions (ELVS)
Abstract: The End of Life Vehicle Solutions Corporation (ELVS) was created by the automotive industry to promote the industry's environmental efforts in recyclability, education and outreach, and the proper management of substances of concern. Participating Members of ELVS are: BMW of North America, LLC, DaimlerChrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, General Motors Corporation, International Truck & Engine, Mack Trucks, Inc., Mitsubishi Motors North America, Inc., Nissan North America, Inc., Subaru of America, Inc., Volkswagen of America, Inc., and Volvo Trucks North America. End of Life Vehicle Solutions manages, on a nationwide basis, programs to collect, transport, retort, recycle, or dispose of elemental mercury from automotive switches. The ELVS web site provides information on medium and heavy-duty trucks, the National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program, educational materials (including videos showing how to remove certain switches from specified vehicles), recycling opportunities via The Environmental Quality Company (EQ), and mercury switch recovery program reporting for various states. An interactive map on the home page allows users to click on states to view regulatory information related to mercury switches for that state.
Source: Automotive Industry (Various Partners)
Environmental Compliance and Pollution Prevention Guide for Automobile Recyclers [PDF]
Abstract: This guide is designed to inform automobile recyclers about registrations, permits and regulations pertinent to the industry, and to aid automobile recyclers in developing pollution prevention measures that can minimize waste and promote environmental compliance. (PDF Format; Length: 44 pages)
Source: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC)
Florida Automotive Recyclers? Handbook [PDF]
Abstract: This handbook includes: suggested best management practices for incoming cars, vehicle crushers and housekeeping, general waste management, vehicular fluids, filers, refrigerants, lead, mercury, scrap metal, waste tires, cleaning solutions, cleaners, other vehicular wastes, and process auto salvage wastes. Also included are information on spills, waste handling management and disposal practices, waste streams, waste reduction and pollution prevention, links and other resources for further information. Though information on regulations and contact information may apply only to Florida, the best management practices presented are applicable to any auto salvage yard. (PDF Format; Length: 53 pages)
Source: Florida DEP & Florida Center for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
Indiana House Enrolled Act No. 1110
Abstract: Effective July 1, 2006, this act requires manufacturers of motor vehicles offered for sale in Indiana to develop and implement a plan to remove, collect, recover, and recycle or dispose of certain mercury switches from end of life vehicles (except those motor vehicle manufacturers that have never installed mercury switches in their motor vehicles). Also requires motor vehicle recyclers to remove all mercury switches from end of life vehicles and provides for a payment out of the solid waste management fund (SWMF) to a motor vehicle recycler for each mercury switch removed.
Source: Indiana General Assembly
ISRI Policy Position?Automotive Mercury Switches
Abstract: This policy statement explains the ISRI stance that to the maximum extent possible, mercury switches should be removed from end-of-life vehicles prior to being delivered to a scrap processing facility. ISRI also believes that automotive manufacturers should make every effort possible to design mercury out of automobiles. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. (ISRI)
Managing Mercury Switches: Information for Auto Recyclers
Abstract: This fact sheet explains why mercury is a problem, which vehicles contain mercury, where mercury switches are located in vehicles, how the switches are removed, and how to store and recycle the switches. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency Small Business Assistance Office
Managing Scrap Metal, Catalytic Converters & Wheel Weights [PDF]
Abstract: This fact sheet discusses management of scarp metals commonly found in automotive repair and salvage industries, including lead scrap (such as wheel weights), catalytic converters, cores, and other scrap metal. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
Mercury?Automotive Topic Hub
Abstract: This primer is intended as a quick guide to the essential pollution prevention information on mercury in automobiles, as well as a compilation of pertinent on-line resources. It includes background information on the sources of mercury in automobiles, information on collection programs and alternative products, guidelines for handlings, recycling, disposal and dealing with spills, and a database of mercury reduction programs. The primer was developed by the Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA) as part of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx) national Topic Hub project. For more information on this project, see www.p2rx.org.
Source: NEWMOA and P2Rx
Mobile Power Washing...Keep It Clean!
Abstract: Information presented in this publication is intended to provide a general understanding of the statutory and regulatory requirements governing mobile power washing in Illinois. Mobile power washing uses a high-pressure water system to clean vehicles and equipment. This document is also available at this web address in PDF format (length: 2 pages).
Source: Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA)
Motor Vehicle Salvage Facility Environmental Compliance Manual [PDF]
Abstract: MPCA created this manual to help salvage yard owners, operators and employees manage and dispose of waste in an environmentally safe way. This manual offers a wide range of waste management techniques. Included are chapters on: general operating procedures; draining, dismantling and storage practices; and waste handling, storage and disposal practices. (PDF Format; Length: 92 pages)
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
National Automotive Compliance Assistance Center (CCAR GreenLink)
Abstract: CCAR-GreenLink®, the National Automotive Environmental Compliance Assistance Center, is available 24 hours a day to help persons engaged in automotive service, collision repair and other sectors of the automotive industry better understand their environmental responsibilities, and to help them achieve compliance with environmental program requirements. This information can help shop owners, managers and technicians decide on management strategies, technologies, materials, and methods that will reduce business costs and help manage hazardous wastes and related items. The web site includes virtual shop tours, a pollution prevention (P2) center, environmental checklists, state contacts, Spanish and Canadian documents, information on the Environmental Results Program and Superfund, frequently asked questions, news, links, and a section devoted to auto recycling.
New Hampshire Green Yards Program
Abstract: The New Hampshire Green Yards Program is designed to help vehicle recyclers improve environmental practices at their salvage yards. This portion of the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services web site describes the program, provides program publications, offers information on upcoming events and recent developments relevant to this sector, and links to resources for further information.
Source: New Hampshire Dept. of Environmental Services
North Carolina: H1136 (Ratified) Mercury Switch Bill
Abstract: Ratified bill from North Carolina for the reduction of the release of mercury into the environment by the removal, collection and recovery of mercury switches from certain motor vehicles. The funding for this comes from an increase in the fee for car title transfers and not payments from the automobile manufacturers.
Source: North Carolina General Assembly
Ohio's Voluntary Mercury Switch Removal Program for Auto Recyclers
Abstract: The Ohio mercury switch removal program for auto recyclers is sponsored in a partnership between Ohio EPA and the End of Life Vehicle Solutions (ELVS) as part of the National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program. The program encourages recycling and helping to reduce mercury releases to air, water and soil, which can endanger both the environment and public health. This program is completely voluntary. Auto recyclers who participate will receive $3.00 for every switch turned in for as long as program funding remains available.
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Ontario Automotive Recyclers Association (OARA)
Abstract: Auto Recyclers purchase end-of-life and accidented vehicles, and ensure that all vehicles are retired in an environmentally sound manner. Auto Recyclers are a valuable source of low cost, high quality used auto parts. Since its inception, OARA has been a working partner with other automotive associations and government working groups on waste oil, CFCs, scrap tires and wrecked or salvaged vehicle issues.
Product Stewardship Opportunities Within the Automotive Industry [PDF]
Abstract: This report presents information on the vehicle design process, materials used in vehicles and some of the trends in materials used. It also describes factors that can influence materials used, and presents challenges and opportunities to address materials of concern, recyclable materials and recycled-content in vehicles. Prepared for the Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance (MOEA) by Five Winds International. (PDF Format; Length: 151 pages)
Source: MOEA and Five Winds International
Putting the Brakes on Quicksilver: Removing Mercury From Vehicles in Ohio [PDF]
Abstract: This report addresses an additional important source of mercury, for which a small window of opportunity remains for a simple pollution prevention action: mercury containing switches in vehicles. Written by Michael W. Murray, Ph.D. with research assistance by Knoll Larkin and Liz Szaluta of the University of Michigan. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: National Wildlife Federation
Steel Recycling Institute
Abstract: The Steel Recycling Institute web site includes an entire section on steel recycled from automobiles. Note: this web site is in frames format. To access the automobile related information, select ?Publications? from the navigation bar on the left. Then select ?Cars? from the menu across the top of the screen. The resulting page provides an overview of the steel and iron used in automobiles, with links to more specific information on the recycled content of automobiles and the basics of automobile recycling. This page also provides information and links to more specific information on recycling used oil filters and steel tire wire recycling.
Source: Steel Recycling Institute
Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury, Implications for Recycling and Disposal [PDF]
Abstract: Produced by the Clean Car Campaign of the Ecology Center, Great Lakes United, and the University of Tennessee Center for Clean Products and Clean Technologies, this report examines the use of mercury in automobiles and estimates its releases to the environment from end-of-life vehicle (ELV) processing. It holds that emissions from vehicle recycling and disposal practices are one of the largest sources of mercury contamination to the environment. The report examines strategies for cleaner production and proposes key policy solutions to eliminate mercury hazards from new and existing vehicles. (PDF Format; Length: 76 pages)
Source: Clean Car Campaign
Transportation Services and the Environment
Abstract: This portion of the MPCA web site includes checklists and fact sheets about proper handling and disposal of materials related to auto repair facilities. Includes information on air bags, air conditioning, antifreeze and filters, lead-acid batteries, brakes and clutches, computers and circuit boards, vehicle dismantling procedures, fuels, lighting, oil and filters, mercury switches, scrap metal, catalytic converters, wheel weights, stormwater and wastewater concerns, solvents, spills, tanks, tires, vehicle storage and more. The fact sheets are available in PDF format.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)