Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated. GLRPPR has converted several of its Topic Hubs to LibGuides, which allow for integration of some social features.
View the converted hubs, as well as other LibGuides related to pollution prevention and sustainability, in the University of Illinois' LibGuides Community.
Auto Salvage-Great Lakes Region: Browse by Keyword
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Auto Mercury Switch Removal
Abstract: This portion of the U.S. EPA Region 5 web site contains links to information related to automotive mercury, including: information on how to find, remove, and replace mercury switches used in convenience lighting in various types of vehicles; guidance from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) on regulatory issues related to auto mercury switch removal; and information on NYSDEC programs to promote proper management of mercury-containing switches in autos.
Source: U.S. EPA Region 5
Compliance Manual for Indiana's Auto Salvage Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this manual is to provide the auto salvage facility sector with concise, comprehensive environmental regulatory information in an easy-to-use format. This manual contains information concerning the various environmental rules with which auto salvage facilities must comply and for which IDEM has jurisdiction. (PDF Format; Length: 88 pages)
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM)
Florida Automotive Recyclers? Handbook [PDF]
Abstract: This handbook includes: suggested best management practices for incoming cars, vehicle crushers and housekeeping, general waste management, vehicular fluids, filers, refrigerants, lead, mercury, scrap metal, waste tires, cleaning solutions, cleaners, other vehicular wastes, and process auto salvage wastes. Also included are information on spills, waste handling management and disposal practices, waste streams, waste reduction and pollution prevention, links and other resources for further information. Though information on regulations and contact information may apply only to Florida, the best management practices presented are applicable to any auto salvage yard. (PDF Format; Length: 53 pages)
Source: Florida DEP & Florida Center for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
Indiana House Enrolled Act No. 1110
Abstract: Effective July 1, 2006, this act requires manufacturers of motor vehicles offered for sale in Indiana to develop and implement a plan to remove, collect, recover, and recycle or dispose of certain mercury switches from end of life vehicles (except those motor vehicle manufacturers that have never installed mercury switches in their motor vehicles). Also requires motor vehicle recyclers to remove all mercury switches from end of life vehicles and provides for a payment out of the solid waste management fund (SWMF) to a motor vehicle recycler for each mercury switch removed.
Source: Indiana General Assembly
ISRI Policy Position?Automotive Mercury Switches
Abstract: This policy statement explains the ISRI stance that to the maximum extent possible, mercury switches should be removed from end-of-life vehicles prior to being delivered to a scrap processing facility. ISRI also believes that automotive manufacturers should make every effort possible to design mercury out of automobiles. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. (ISRI)
Mercury Contamination From Metal Scrap Processing Facilities
Abstract: This Ohio EPA report, written by Radicha Sastry, James Orlemann, P.E. and Paul Koval, shows significant mercury emissions at electric arc furnaces resulting from mercury in scrap, and a relationship between scrap type and mercury emissions. (PDF Format; Length: 10 pages)
Source: Ohio EPA
Mercury Use?Automotive Sector [PDF]
Abstract: The Wisconsin Mercury SourceBook was designed as a working document to help guide communities through the process of writing comprehensive community mercury reduction plans. This section of the SourceBook contains: information on mercury-containing products unique to the automotive industry as well as products used in other sectors; case studies; action ideas; a sample proclamation that explains the mercury issue and possible mercury minimization options for the automotive industry; and current mercury projects within this industry. (PDF Format; Length: 21 pages)
Source: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Mercury?Automotive Topic Hub
Abstract: This primer is intended as a quick guide to the essential pollution prevention information on mercury in automobiles, as well as a compilation of pertinent on-line resources. It includes background information on the sources of mercury in automobiles, information on collection programs and alternative products, guidelines for handlings, recycling, disposal and dealing with spills, and a database of mercury reduction programs. The primer was developed by the Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA) as part of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx) national Topic Hub project. For more information on this project, see www.p2rx.org.
Source: NEWMOA and P2Rx
National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program
Abstract: EPA announced a national program August 11, 2006 that will help cut mercury air emissions by up to 75 tons over the next 15 years. The National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program is designed to remove mercury-containing light switches from scrap vehicles before the vehicles are flattened, shredded, and melted to make new steel. Together with existing state mercury switch recovery efforts, this program will significantly reduce mercury air emissions from the furnaces used in steel making -- the fourth leading source in the United States after coal-fired utility boilers, industrial boilers and gold mining. Under the program, automobile dismantlers will remove the mercury-containing light switches from scrap vehicles prior to the vehicles being flattened and then shredded at scrap recycling facilities. The program will also provide a financial incentive for those who remove mercury switches. The National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program is the result of a two-year collaborative effort involving EPA, the End of Life Vehicle Solutions Corporation, the American Iron and Steel Institute, the Steel Manufacturers Association, the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, the Automotive Recyclers Association, Environmental Defense, the Ecology Center (Ann Arbor), and representatives of the Environmental Council of the States. This portin of the EPA web includes a fact sheet on the program and the Memorandum of Understanding.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Ohio's Voluntary Mercury Switch Removal Program for Auto Recyclers
Abstract: The Ohio mercury switch removal program for auto recyclers is sponsored in a partnership between Ohio EPA and the End of Life Vehicle Solutions (ELVS) as part of the National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program. The program encourages recycling and helping to reduce mercury releases to air, water and soil, which can endanger both the environment and public health. This program is completely voluntary. Auto recyclers who participate will receive $3.00 for every switch turned in for as long as program funding remains available.
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Putting the Brakes on Quicksilver: Removing Mercury From Vehicles in Ohio [PDF]
Abstract: This report addresses an additional important source of mercury, for which a small window of opportunity remains for a simple pollution prevention action: mercury containing switches in vehicles. Written by Michael W. Murray, Ph.D. with research assistance by Knoll Larkin and Liz Szaluta of the University of Michigan. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: National Wildlife Federation
State Mercury Car Switch Initiatives
Abstract: Automobiles have historically used mercury-containing switches. The chemical and physical properties of mercury are used in mechanisms to turn on the hood, trunk, or door lights when they are opened, and/or to operate some anti-lock brake systems (ABS systems). While most manufacturers are committed to designing new cars without mercury in the switches, the problem remains for all of the mercury switches contained in cars on the road today. Unless programs are in place to collect these mercury switches before the automobiles get crushed and recycled, mercury can be released into the air, soil and water during crushing, or from subsequent management in electric arc furnaces (EAFs). A number of state regulatory agencies have raised concerns regarding the use of mercury switches in automobiles and have taken steps to address this problem through legislative efforts, pilot projects and outreach campaigns. This portion of the U.S. EPA web site lists descriptions of state car switch programs throughout the U.S., with links to program web sites where available.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury, Implications for Recycling and Disposal [PDF]
Abstract: Produced by the Clean Car Campaign of the Ecology Center, Great Lakes United, and the University of Tennessee Center for Clean Products and Clean Technologies, this report examines the use of mercury in automobiles and estimates its releases to the environment from end-of-life vehicle (ELV) processing. It holds that emissions from vehicle recycling and disposal practices are one of the largest sources of mercury contamination to the environment. The report examines strategies for cleaner production and proposes key policy solutions to eliminate mercury hazards from new and existing vehicles. (PDF Format; Length: 76 pages)
Source: Clean Car Campaign
Transportation Services and the Environment
Abstract: This portion of the MPCA web site includes checklists and fact sheets about proper handling and disposal of materials related to auto repair facilities. Includes information on air bags, air conditioning, antifreeze and filters, lead-acid batteries, brakes and clutches, computers and circuit boards, vehicle dismantling procedures, fuels, lighting, oil and filters, mercury switches, scrap metal, catalytic converters, wheel weights, stormwater and wastewater concerns, solvents, spills, tanks, tires, vehicle storage and more. The fact sheets are available in PDF format.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
U.S. EPA: Human Health Research Program
Abstract: EPA's Human Health Research Program offers this Web site on the latest information on its research to protect public health. The program's science looks at such questions as why some people are more sensitive to pollution and how exposure to chemicals affects people's health. The site is designed for the general public as well as for the scientific community. The site provides easy access to research and results on methods, tools, and data needed to improve risk assessments to protect the public. Visitors to the site will find an overview of the research, information on how research has contributed to decision making, resource materials available in journal publications and reports, and a listing of meetings and conferences.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)