Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated. GLRPPR has converted several of its Topic Hubs to LibGuides, which allow for integration of some social features.
View the converted hubs, as well as other LibGuides related to pollution prevention and sustainability, in the University of Illinois' LibGuides Community.
Auto Salvage-Great Lakes Region: Browse by Keyword
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Auto Mercury Switch Removal
Abstract: This portion of the U.S. EPA Region 5 web site contains links to information related to automotive mercury, including: information on how to find, remove, and replace mercury switches used in convenience lighting in various types of vehicles; guidance from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) on regulatory issues related to auto mercury switch removal; and information on NYSDEC programs to promote proper management of mercury-containing switches in autos.
Source: U.S. EPA Region 5
Compliance Manual for Indiana's Auto Salvage Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this manual is to provide the auto salvage facility sector with concise, comprehensive environmental regulatory information in an easy-to-use format. This manual contains information concerning the various environmental rules with which auto salvage facilities must comply and for which IDEM has jurisdiction. (PDF Format; Length: 88 pages)
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM)
Compliance Manual for Indiana's Vehicle Maintenance Shops [PDF]
Abstract: This manual outlines compliance requirements and provides waste prevention and minimization strategies for vehicle maintenance shops. From this web page, you may download the entire manual in PDF format (230 pages, 1359K) or individual sections of the manual in PDF format.
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM)
End of Life Vehicle Solutions (ELVS)
Abstract: The End of Life Vehicle Solutions Corporation (ELVS) was created by the automotive industry to promote the industry's environmental efforts in recyclability, education and outreach, and the proper management of substances of concern. Participating Members of ELVS are: BMW of North America, LLC, DaimlerChrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, General Motors Corporation, International Truck & Engine, Mack Trucks, Inc., Mitsubishi Motors North America, Inc., Nissan North America, Inc., Subaru of America, Inc., Volkswagen of America, Inc., and Volvo Trucks North America. End of Life Vehicle Solutions manages, on a nationwide basis, programs to collect, transport, retort, recycle, or dispose of elemental mercury from automotive switches. The ELVS web site provides information on medium and heavy-duty trucks, the National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program, educational materials (including videos showing how to remove certain switches from specified vehicles), recycling opportunities via The Environmental Quality Company (EQ), and mercury switch recovery program reporting for various states. An interactive map on the home page allows users to click on states to view regulatory information related to mercury switches for that state.
Source: Automotive Industry (Various Partners)
Environmental Compliance and Pollution Prevention Guide for Automobile Recyclers [PDF]
Abstract: This guide is designed to inform automobile recyclers about registrations, permits and regulations pertinent to the industry, and to aid automobile recyclers in developing pollution prevention measures that can minimize waste and promote environmental compliance. (PDF Format; Length: 44 pages)
Source: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC)
Florida Automotive Recyclers? Handbook [PDF]
Abstract: This handbook includes: suggested best management practices for incoming cars, vehicle crushers and housekeeping, general waste management, vehicular fluids, filers, refrigerants, lead, mercury, scrap metal, waste tires, cleaning solutions, cleaners, other vehicular wastes, and process auto salvage wastes. Also included are information on spills, waste handling management and disposal practices, waste streams, waste reduction and pollution prevention, links and other resources for further information. Though information on regulations and contact information may apply only to Florida, the best management practices presented are applicable to any auto salvage yard. (PDF Format; Length: 53 pages)
Source: Florida DEP & Florida Center for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
ISRI Policy Position?Automotive Mercury Switches
Abstract: This policy statement explains the ISRI stance that to the maximum extent possible, mercury switches should be removed from end-of-life vehicles prior to being delivered to a scrap processing facility. ISRI also believes that automotive manufacturers should make every effort possible to design mercury out of automobiles. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. (ISRI)
Managing Mercury Switches: Information for Auto Recyclers
Abstract: This fact sheet explains why mercury is a problem, which vehicles contain mercury, where mercury switches are located in vehicles, how the switches are removed, and how to store and recycle the switches. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency Small Business Assistance Office
Mercury Use?Automotive Sector [PDF]
Abstract: The Wisconsin Mercury SourceBook was designed as a working document to help guide communities through the process of writing comprehensive community mercury reduction plans. This section of the SourceBook contains: information on mercury-containing products unique to the automotive industry as well as products used in other sectors; case studies; action ideas; a sample proclamation that explains the mercury issue and possible mercury minimization options for the automotive industry; and current mercury projects within this industry. (PDF Format; Length: 21 pages)
Source: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Mercury?Automotive Topic Hub
Abstract: This primer is intended as a quick guide to the essential pollution prevention information on mercury in automobiles, as well as a compilation of pertinent on-line resources. It includes background information on the sources of mercury in automobiles, information on collection programs and alternative products, guidelines for handlings, recycling, disposal and dealing with spills, and a database of mercury reduction programs. The primer was developed by the Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA) as part of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx) national Topic Hub project. For more information on this project, see www.p2rx.org.
Source: NEWMOA and P2Rx
Motor Vehicle Salvage Facility Environmental Compliance Manual [PDF]
Abstract: MPCA created this manual to help salvage yard owners, operators and employees manage and dispose of waste in an environmentally safe way. This manual offers a wide range of waste management techniques. Included are chapters on: general operating procedures; draining, dismantling and storage practices; and waste handling, storage and disposal practices. (PDF Format; Length: 92 pages)
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
National Automotive Compliance Assistance Center (CCAR GreenLink)
Abstract: CCAR-GreenLink®, the National Automotive Environmental Compliance Assistance Center, is available 24 hours a day to help persons engaged in automotive service, collision repair and other sectors of the automotive industry better understand their environmental responsibilities, and to help them achieve compliance with environmental program requirements. This information can help shop owners, managers and technicians decide on management strategies, technologies, materials, and methods that will reduce business costs and help manage hazardous wastes and related items. The web site includes virtual shop tours, a pollution prevention (P2) center, environmental checklists, state contacts, Spanish and Canadian documents, information on the Environmental Results Program and Superfund, frequently asked questions, news, links, and a section devoted to auto recycling.
National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program
Abstract: EPA announced a national program August 11, 2006 that will help cut mercury air emissions by up to 75 tons over the next 15 years. The National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program is designed to remove mercury-containing light switches from scrap vehicles before the vehicles are flattened, shredded, and melted to make new steel. Together with existing state mercury switch recovery efforts, this program will significantly reduce mercury air emissions from the furnaces used in steel making -- the fourth leading source in the United States after coal-fired utility boilers, industrial boilers and gold mining. Under the program, automobile dismantlers will remove the mercury-containing light switches from scrap vehicles prior to the vehicles being flattened and then shredded at scrap recycling facilities. The program will also provide a financial incentive for those who remove mercury switches. The National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program is the result of a two-year collaborative effort involving EPA, the End of Life Vehicle Solutions Corporation, the American Iron and Steel Institute, the Steel Manufacturers Association, the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, the Automotive Recyclers Association, Environmental Defense, the Ecology Center (Ann Arbor), and representatives of the Environmental Council of the States. This portin of the EPA web includes a fact sheet on the program and the Memorandum of Understanding.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Northeast Waste Management Officials? Association (NEWMOA)
Abstract: The Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan interstate association that has a membership composed of the hazardous waste, solid waste, waste site cleanup and pollution prevention program directors for the environmental agencies in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Check the NEWMOA web site for information on mercury in automobiles and auto salvage yard facilities.
Product Stewardship Opportunities Within the Automotive Industry [PDF]
Abstract: This report presents information on the vehicle design process, materials used in vehicles and some of the trends in materials used. It also describes factors that can influence materials used, and presents challenges and opportunities to address materials of concern, recyclable materials and recycled-content in vehicles. Prepared for the Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance (MOEA) by Five Winds International. (PDF Format; Length: 151 pages)
Source: MOEA and Five Winds International
Putting the Brakes on Quicksilver: Removing Mercury From Vehicles in Ohio [PDF]
Abstract: This report addresses an additional important source of mercury, for which a small window of opportunity remains for a simple pollution prevention action: mercury containing switches in vehicles. Written by Michael W. Murray, Ph.D. with research assistance by Knoll Larkin and Liz Szaluta of the University of Michigan. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: National Wildlife Federation
State Mercury Car Switch Initiatives
Abstract: Automobiles have historically used mercury-containing switches. The chemical and physical properties of mercury are used in mechanisms to turn on the hood, trunk, or door lights when they are opened, and/or to operate some anti-lock brake systems (ABS systems). While most manufacturers are committed to designing new cars without mercury in the switches, the problem remains for all of the mercury switches contained in cars on the road today. Unless programs are in place to collect these mercury switches before the automobiles get crushed and recycled, mercury can be released into the air, soil and water during crushing, or from subsequent management in electric arc furnaces (EAFs). A number of state regulatory agencies have raised concerns regarding the use of mercury switches in automobiles and have taken steps to address this problem through legislative efforts, pilot projects and outreach campaigns. This portion of the U.S. EPA web site lists descriptions of state car switch programs throughout the U.S., with links to program web sites where available.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury, Implications for Recycling and Disposal [PDF]
Abstract: Produced by the Clean Car Campaign of the Ecology Center, Great Lakes United, and the University of Tennessee Center for Clean Products and Clean Technologies, this report examines the use of mercury in automobiles and estimates its releases to the environment from end-of-life vehicle (ELV) processing. It holds that emissions from vehicle recycling and disposal practices are one of the largest sources of mercury contamination to the environment. The report examines strategies for cleaner production and proposes key policy solutions to eliminate mercury hazards from new and existing vehicles. (PDF Format; Length: 76 pages)
Source: Clean Car Campaign
Transportation Services and the Environment
Abstract: This portion of the MPCA web site includes checklists and fact sheets about proper handling and disposal of materials related to auto repair facilities. Includes information on air bags, air conditioning, antifreeze and filters, lead-acid batteries, brakes and clutches, computers and circuit boards, vehicle dismantling procedures, fuels, lighting, oil and filters, mercury switches, scrap metal, catalytic converters, wheel weights, stormwater and wastewater concerns, solvents, spills, tanks, tires, vehicle storage and more. The fact sheets are available in PDF format.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)