Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated. GLRPPR has converted several of its Topic Hubs to LibGuides, which allow for integration of some social features.
View the converted hubs, as well as other LibGuides related to pollution prevention and sustainability, in the University of Illinois' LibGuides Community.
P2 and Environmental Security: Browse by Keyword
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
A Method to Assess the Vulnerability of U.S. Chemical Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: This special report presents an overview of a prototype methodology to assess the security of chemical facilities within the United States. This vulnerability assessment methodology identifies and assesses potential security threats, risks and vulnerabilities and guides the chemical facility industry in making security improvements. (PDF format; Length: 33 pages)
Source: National Institute of Justice & Sandia National Laboratories
Advice for Safeguarding Buildings Against Chemical or Biological Attack
Abstract: This site is intended for emergency personnel and for building operators. The advice on this site is appropriate for small and medium-sized releases such as those that would be expected from a terrorist attack, not for industrial-scale releases such as those at Bhopal, India or Chernobyl, Ukraine. Includes pre-event advice, during release advice, and training aids.
Source: Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL)
American Chemistry Council: Chemical Industry Security
Abstract: This portion of the ACC web site includes a compilation of documents, guidelines and news releases related to security for the chemical industry and ACC?s security efforts.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)
American Chemistry Council: Responsible Care
Abstract: An initiative of the ACC and its partners, Responsible Care is a voluntary program for improvement in environmental, health and safety performance beyond levels required by the U.S. government.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)
ANSER Institute for Homeland Security Weekly Homeland Security Newsletter
Abstract: This online newsletter, published by ANSER, focuses on news related to homeland security at local, state, national and international levels. Also includes private sector news, commentary, and a list of relevant upcoming events.
Be Vigilant, Be Safe: Preventing and Responding to Environmental Emergencies
Abstract: This Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) web site outlines the agency?s emergency response programs, outlines the DEP?s role in domestic preparedness, and provides 24-hr. emergency response numbers, listed by county. Information for water supplies, dams, other facilities with environmental permits, and laboratories certified to do water testing is included.
Source: PA Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)
Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)
Abstract: CCPS and its sponsor companies are committed to protecting employees, communities, and the environment by developing engineering and management practices to prevent or mitigate catastrophic releases of chemicals, hydrocarbons, and other hazardous materials. The organization?s web site includes several tools, databases and over 80 books and other publications to help improve the safety of chemical processes.
Source: American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)
Center for the Study of Bioterrorism
Abstract: This site provides a compilation of information, case studies, references, information on research and resources related to bioterrorism.
Source: Saint Louis University School of Public Health
Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security [PDF]
Abstract: Because of today?s increased concerns about terrorism, companies are paying increased attention to the physical security of facility sites, chemical storage areas, and chemical processes. This Chemical Safety Alert highlights security areas that companies may want to review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented and provides resources for further information. (Length: 8 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
Chemical Accidents from Electric Power Outages [PDF]
Abstract: This safety alert describes how power outages and restarts can potentially trigger chemical accidents. Case studies and lessons learned are included, as well as guidelines for hazard identification, tips for risk reduction and resources for further information. (Length: 5 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
Chemical Facilities Security Act of 2003 (S.994)
Abstract: Senator Inhofe (R-OK) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. The bill would require the chemical industry to conduct vulnerability assessments and security plans, and gives the Department of Homeland Security the authority to reject those plans if they are deemed inadequate to protect chemical plants against terrorism. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Chemical Plant Security [PDF]
Abstract: This Congressional report provides an overview of chemical plant security issues and discusses policy options for the improvement of plant security. Includes information on inherently safer processes as a way to decrease security risks. (PDF format; Length: 35 pages)
Source: Congressional Research Service/Library of Congress
Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels
Abstract: This EPA web site provides information on the Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels Regulatory Relief Act, including a link to the actual statute.
Source: U.S. EPA
Clean Air Act 112 (r)
Abstract: This US EPA website provides information on the section of the Clean Air Act related to hazards associated with accidental releases of chemicals, plans for facility safety and response plans. This website includes related fact sheets, links to the text of the statute and regulation, information on related policies and frequently asked questions and answers.
Source: US EPA
Clean Water Advocacy: Security
Abstract: This portion of the Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies web site includes information on security issues for water and wastewater systems. Includes relevant news items, a list of links, information on AMSA?s Vulnerability Self Assessment Tool (VSAT) software, and information on training sessions related to the VSAT software. Copyright 2003, Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies.
Source: Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies (AMSA)
Energy Information Sharing & Analysis Center (ISAC)
Abstract: The Energy ISAC is the one-stop clearinghouse for information on threats, vulnerabilities, solutions, and best practices. Your company will better understand the threats and vulnerabilities to your business so that you can take appropriate action. Members can submit information anonymously and receive near-real-time updates.
Source: Energy ISAC
Energy Infrastructure Vulnerability Survey Checklists [PDF]
Abstract: Vulnerability survey for energy infrastructure facilities. Includes critical asset assessment, threat applicability, security program management, physical security, operations security, and infrastructure interdependencies. (PDF Format; Length: 99 pages)
Source: U.S. Office of Energy Assurance
Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 2
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the second part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to preparedness, response and recovery and protection of EPA personnel and infrastructure. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 4, pages 40-42
Environmental Self-Assessment for Health Care Facilities: A Quick and Easy Checklist of Pollution Prevention Measures for Healthcare Facilities
Abstract: This checklist is a guide primarily intended for use by laboratory managers, administrators, environmental compliance personnel, purchasing officers, safety professionals, housekeeping managers, waste management supervisors, and industrial hygienists involved with the day-to-day activities in a health care facility. Includes checklists on procurement, medical waste incinerators, hazardous & solid waste, ethylene oxide (EtO), PVC plastics, solvents, mercury, chemotherapy & antineoplastic chemicals, batteries, lamps, photographic chemicals, formaldehyde/formalin, radioactive waste, medical waste stream, recycling & reuse, housekeeping and facility maintenance. Also includes a resource guide and contact information for further assistance. (PDF format; Length: 51 pages).
Source: New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation
Enviroterrorism: A Long-range View
Abstract: Written by Joseph F. Guida, JD, this article provides an overview of issues confronting the U.S. in the areas of environmental protection and environmental regulation in the effort to prevent or mitigate future terrorist events. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 8
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Operations Security
Abstract: This web site provides state and local agencies with simple access to information on improving security in the operation of the surface transportation system.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation FHWA
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA): Hazardous Materials Safety
Abstract: Part of the mission of FMCSA is to reduce the security risks of hazardous materials that could potentially be used to harm the public and environment. Developing programs to accomplish this secondary goal is the responsibility of the FMCSA Hazardous Materials (HM) Program. The program?s web site provides information on hazardous materials security, cargo tank motor vehicle safety, spill reporting and prevention, permits and shipping, risk assessment and analyses, training and education, and resources for further information.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation FMCSA
Food Producers, Processors, Transporters, and Retailers: Food Security Preventive Measures Guidance [PDF]
Abstract: This guidance is designed as an aid to operators of food establishments (i.e. firms that produce, process, store, repack, relabel, distribute, or transport food or food ingredients or that prepare or distribute food at retail). It identifies preventive measures that they can take to minimize the risk that food under their control will be subject to tampering or criminal or terrorist actions. It is relevant to all sectors of the food system (i.e., from farm-to-table), including farms, aquaculture facilities, fishing vessels, producers, transportation operations, processing facilities, packing facilities, warehouses, and retail and food-service establishments. This guidance is designed to focus operators sequentially on each segment of the farm-to-table system that is within their control, to minimize the risk of tampering or criminal or terrorist action at each segment. (Length: 9 pages)
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration
FSIS Safety and Security Guidelines for the Transportation and Distribution of Meat, Poultry, and Egg Products [PDF]
Abstract: These guidelines address all transportation and distribution points where potential contaminants (physical, chemical, radiological, or microbiological) could be introduced. Prevention of contamination and security measures against deliberate contamination attempts by terrorists are covered. (PDF Format; Length: 40 pages)
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
FSIS Security Guidelines for Food Processors [PDF]
Abstract: The guidelines were developed to assist Federal and State inspected plants that produce meat, poultry and egg products in identifying ways to strengthen their biosecurity protection. Includes sections on food security plan management, outside security, inside security, shipping and receiving security, water and ice supply security, mail handling security, and personnel security. (PDF Format; Length: 8 pages)
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service
Guidance on Precautions for Solid Waste Workers Handling Wastes Potentially Contaminated with Anthrax
Abstract: Advice for handling waste potentially contaminated with anthrax. Includes resources for further information.
Source: Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA)
Hazardous Materials Safety for the Safe Transportation of Hazardous Materials
Abstract: This web site provides information on aspects of the DOT Hazardous Materials Risk Management Program.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies
Abstract: Written by Marcia Greenblatt, Ph.D., Jack Donohue, and Ken Wagner, Ph.D., this article discusses how recent security legislation affects public water suppliers, watershed protection efforts and the bottled water industry.
Source: ENSR International
Hospital Preparedness: Most Urban Hospitals Have Emergency Plans But Lack Certain Capacities for Bioterrorism Response [PDF]
Abstract: The GAO surveyed urban hospitals on their emergency preparedness for a possible bioterrorist attack. In general, hospitals were found to have written bioterrorist response plans and had familiarized some of their staffs with diagnosing exposure to possible bioterrorist agents, but most hospitals have not performed training exercises simulating an actual response to an attack and lack the proper medical equipment to deal with a flood of exposed patients. (PDF Format; Length: 45 pages)
Source: General Accounting Office (GAO)
Mary Kay O'Connor Process Safety Center
Abstract: This center was established at Texas A&M University in 1995. The Center conducts programs and research activities that enhance safety in the chemical process industries. The Center also develops safer processes, equipment, procedures and management strategies to minimize losses within the processing industry. The Center?s website includes information on its research, educational programs, access to its library and safety alerts.
Source: Texas A&M University
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Abstract: NNSA has four missions with regard to National Security: (1) To provide the United States Navy with safe, militarily effective nuclear propulsion plants and to ensure the safe and reliable operation of those plants; (2) to promote international nuclear safety and nonproliferation; (3) to reduce global danger from weapons of mass destruction; and (4) to support United States leadership in science and technology.
Source: U.S. Department of Energy
Nuclear Security: Security Issues at DOE and its Newly Created National Nuclear Safety Administration [PDF]
Abstract: Statement of Gary L. Jones, Associate Director, Energy, Resources and Science Issues, of the Resources, Community and Economic Development Division before the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittees on Energy and Power and Oversight and Investigations. (PDF Format; Length: 11 pages)
Source: General Accounting Office
On the Alert
Abstract: Written by Robert Ferguson, this article discusses the use of biosensors as early warning systems to detect chemical contaminants in drinking water. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 5, pages 43-46
OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Abstract: These standards require employers to develop a written Hazard Communication Program for their employees and contractors involved in hazardous waste operations. The program must identify, evaluate and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Requirements of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002
Abstract: Requires most community water systems to conduct a vulnerability assessment and prepare or revise an emergency response plan, which incorporates the results of the vulnerability assessment. The system must then certify completion of the assessment and plan to the U.S. EPA administrator. (PDF Format; Length: 105 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
Sandia Develops Tool For Assessing Vulnerability of Buildings to Chemical and Biological Attacks
Abstract: A research team from the Department of Energy?s Sandia National Laboratories has developed modeling and simulation tools for assessing the threat and vulnerability of buildings to chemical and biological attacks.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
Security Check: Hospitals Haven't Filled Rx for High-Tech Measures
Abstract: Written by Sarah A Klein, this article discusses security vulnerabilities particular to hospitals, providing some local examples from Chicago hospitals. Some suggestions for security improvement are made. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.chicagobusiness.com/mag/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Crain's Chicago Business, Vol. 26 No. 19 (pages 13-14)
Security Guidance for the Petroleum Industry [PDF]
Abstract: This document is intended to offer security guidance for the oil and natural gas industry, and builds upon the solid foundation of design and operational regulations, standards and recommended practices, which relate to environmental protection, emergency response, and protection from theft and vandalism. Includes guidelines for petroleum refineries, liquid pipelines, petroleum products distribution and marketing, oil and natural gas productions operations, marine transportation, and cyber/information technology security. (PDF Format; Length: 135 pages)
Source: American Petroleum Institute
Site Security Guidelines for the U.S. Chemical Industry [PDF]
Abstract: These guidelines outline typical elements of a good security program and suggest security practices that managers can consider and tailor to their facilities' particular circumstances. This includes information on employee and contractor security issues, risk assessment, prevention strategies, training, emergency response and crisis management, and physical and cyber security issues. The guidelines are available at this web site in PDF or MS Word format. (Length: 60 pages)
Source: American Chemistry Council, SOCMA, and Chlorine Institute
Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals
Abstract: Written by David Heinold and Douglas Smith, ScD., this article describes a step-wise approach to facility vulnerability assessments that is used by ENSR International consultants.
Source: ENSR International
Surface Transportation Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ST-ISAC)
Abstract: The services provided by the ST-ISAC create a robust cyber and physical security capability for owners, operators and users of critical infrastructure. The ST-ISAC collects, analyzes and distributes critical security and threat information from worldwide resources to protect its members' vital information and information technology systems from attack. ST-ISAC services are specifically tailored to meet the security demands of each one of its members.
The Association of State Drinking Water Administrators (ASDWA)?Critical Infrastructure Protection
Abstract: This portion of the ASDWA web site provides a comprehensive collection of Internet resources dealing with security and protection for drinking water infrastructure. To view this section of their site, go the URL provided here and select ?Security? from the left-hand navigation bar on that page (the site is in frames format).
The Printer's One Plan Approach to the OSHA Hazard Communication Program, the EPA Emergency Response Plan, and the EPA Risk Management Plan
Abstract: Virtually all printers are required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to develop a written Hazard Communication Program, and most printers are required by OSHA to develop a written Emergency Action and Fire Prevention Plan. However, only a portion of the printers in the United States are required by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop an Emergency Response Plan, and even fewer are required to comply with the Section 112(r) regulations that went into affect June 21, 1999 which requires affected facilities to develop a Risk Management Plan. This fact sheet briefly discusses the elements of each set of rules and then explains how printers can satisfy each of these requirements (as applicable) in one written plan.
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)
Transportation Security Administration
Abstract: As part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the Transportation Security Administration protects the Nation's transportation systems to ensure freedom of movement for people and commerce. The Administration?s web site provides current information on security measures and news for the transportation sector, as well as tips for travelers and consumers.
Source: U.S. Transportation Security Administration
U.S. EPA: Risk Management Program
Abstract: The Risk Management Program Rule requires that companies that use certain flammable and toxic substances to develop a Risk Management Program (RMP). RMPs include hazard assessments, prevention programs and emergency response programs. The Risk Management Program is about reducing chemical risk at the local level. This information helps local fire, police, and emergency response personnel (who must prepare for and respond to chemical accidents), and is useful to citizens in understanding the chemical hazards in communities.
Source: US EPA CEPPO
U.S. EPA: Water Security
Abstract: This web page outlines the efforts of the US Environmental Protection Agency to protect national water supplies from the threat of terrorist attack.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Water and Wastewater Security Product Guide
Abstract: This online guide is designed to assist treatment plant operators and utility managers in reducing risks and providing protection against possible natural disasters and intentional terrorist attacks. The guide is divided into sections on cyber protection products, physical asset monitoring products and water monitoring products. Products evaluated in the guide are applicable to distribution systems, wastewater collection systems, pumping stations, treatment processes, main plant sites, remote sites, personnel entry, chemical delivery and storage, and computer or other automated control systems. This website is a work in progress and will be updated at regular intervals to ensure that the most recent information on security technologies is available. New product guides will be added as they are developed. Users should check back frequently for the latest updates.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Water Information Sharing and Analysis Center (WaterISAC)
Abstract: The Water Information Sharing and Analysis Center (WaterISAC), is a highly secure Internet portal that provides security information specific to the drinking water and wastewater community. WaterISAC gives utility managers fast, cost-effective access to sensitive information about physical, contamination and cyber threats.
Whitman Announces Water Protection Task Force
Abstract: In this press release, US EPA Administrator Christine Whitman announced the establishment of a water protection task force at the Agency that will be charged with helping federal, state and local partners to expand their tools to safeguard the nation's drinking water supply from terrorist attack.
Source: U.S. EPA