Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated. GLRPPR has converted several of its Topic Hubs to LibGuides, which allow for integration of some social features.
View the converted hubs, as well as other LibGuides related to pollution prevention and sustainability, in the University of Illinois' LibGuides Community.
P2 and Environmental Security: Browse by Keyword
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Advice for Safeguarding Buildings Against Chemical or Biological Attack
Abstract: This site is intended for emergency personnel and for building operators. The advice on this site is appropriate for small and medium-sized releases such as those that would be expected from a terrorist attack, not for industrial-scale releases such as those at Bhopal, India or Chernobyl, Ukraine. Includes pre-event advice, during release advice, and training aids.
Source: Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL)
American Chemistry Council: Responsible Care
Abstract: An initiative of the ACC and its partners, Responsible Care is a voluntary program for improvement in environmental, health and safety performance beyond levels required by the U.S. government.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)
Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security [PDF]
Abstract: Because of today?s increased concerns about terrorism, companies are paying increased attention to the physical security of facility sites, chemical storage areas, and chemical processes. This Chemical Safety Alert highlights security areas that companies may want to review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented and provides resources for further information. (Length: 8 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
Chemical Attack Prevention Act (H.R. 726) [PDF]
Abstract: Representative Engel (D-NY) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. The bill requires a license from the Secretary of Commerce to purchase, sell, or distribute in interstate commerce any Schedule I or Schedule II chemical agent (as defined in the Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act of 1998). It defines such chemical agents as chemical weapons precursors, allows the Secretary to revoke licenses, and requires the licensee to make available to law enforcement authorities records of the purchase, sale, or distribution of chemical weapons precursors and to report any suspicious purchases of such items. (PDF Format; Length: 4 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Chemical Facilities Security Act of 2003 (S.994)
Abstract: Senator Inhofe (R-OK) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. The bill would require the chemical industry to conduct vulnerability assessments and security plans, and gives the Department of Homeland Security the authority to reject those plans if they are deemed inadequate to protect chemical plants against terrorism. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Chemical Imbalance: The Gaping Hole in Our Nation?s Security
Abstract: Written by Leslie Valentine, this Environmental Defense article discusses the risks associated with industrial sites that store or process large amounts of hazardous chemicals.
Source: Environmental Defense
Chemical Plant Security [PDF]
Abstract: This Congressional report provides an overview of chemical plant security issues and discusses policy options for the improvement of plant security. Includes information on inherently safer processes as a way to decrease security risks. (PDF format; Length: 35 pages)
Source: Congressional Research Service/Library of Congress
Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels
Abstract: This EPA web site provides information on the Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels Regulatory Relief Act, including a link to the actual statute.
Source: U.S. EPA
Chemical Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ISAC)
Abstract: Coordinated by the Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC®), a service of the American Chemistry Council. A primary goal of the Chemical Sector ISAC is to enable the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC), to disseminate timely and actionable assessment, advisories and alerts to appropriate government and private sector entities when such incidents are deemed to have possible serious national security, economic or social consequences. The Chemical Sector ISAC is intended for those companies or other organizations involved in the manufacture, storage, transportation, distribution or handling of chemical products.
Environmental Management Guide for Small Laboratories [PDF]
Abstract: This guide provides a summary of lab activities and the federal regulations that typically affect these activities, a lab self-assessment tool and a directory of applicable resources. (PDF Format; Length: 146 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
Environmental Self-Assessment for Health Care Facilities: A Quick and Easy Checklist of Pollution Prevention Measures for Healthcare Facilities
Abstract: This checklist is a guide primarily intended for use by laboratory managers, administrators, environmental compliance personnel, purchasing officers, safety professionals, housekeeping managers, waste management supervisors, and industrial hygienists involved with the day-to-day activities in a health care facility. Includes checklists on procurement, medical waste incinerators, hazardous & solid waste, ethylene oxide (EtO), PVC plastics, solvents, mercury, chemotherapy & antineoplastic chemicals, batteries, lamps, photographic chemicals, formaldehyde/formalin, radioactive waste, medical waste stream, recycling & reuse, housekeeping and facility maintenance. Also includes a resource guide and contact information for further assistance. (PDF format; Length: 51 pages).
Source: New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation
Enviroterrorism: A Long-range View
Abstract: Written by Joseph F. Guida, JD, this article provides an overview of issues confronting the U.S. in the areas of environmental protection and environmental regulation in the effort to prevent or mitigate future terrorist events. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 8
GLRPPR Green Chemistry Sector Resource
Abstract: This Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR) Sector Resource provides a compilation of annotated regional and national resources related to green chemistry. Also provides a list of regional contacts for further information.
Source: Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR)
Hospital Preparedness: Most Urban Hospitals Have Emergency Plans But Lack Certain Capacities for Bioterrorism Response [PDF]
Abstract: The GAO surveyed urban hospitals on their emergency preparedness for a possible bioterrorist attack. In general, hospitals were found to have written bioterrorist response plans and had familiarized some of their staffs with diagnosing exposure to possible bioterrorist agents, but most hospitals have not performed training exercises simulating an actual response to an attack and lack the proper medical equipment to deal with a flood of exposed patients. (PDF Format; Length: 45 pages)
Source: General Accounting Office (GAO)
Hospitals for a Healthy Environment (H2E)
Abstract: Cooperative effort between the American Hospital Association and EPA with goal of virtual mercury elimination by 2005. Site includes information on mercury, waste reduction, chemicals/P2, green buildings, green purchasing, and other tools.
Source: American Hospital Association
Inherently Safer Processes and Plants
Abstract: This web site provides links to articles and presentations by Dennis C. Hendershot of Rohm & Haas Company on inherently safer processes and plants.
Source: D.C. Hendershot
Mary Kay O'Connor Process Safety Center
Abstract: This center was established at Texas A&M University in 1995. The Center conducts programs and research activities that enhance safety in the chemical process industries. The Center also develops safer processes, equipment, procedures and management strategies to minimize losses within the processing industry. The Center?s website includes information on its research, educational programs, access to its library and safety alerts.
Source: Texas A&M University
NSWMA: Legislative and Regulatory Issues
Abstract: This portion of the NSWMA web site includes information on transportation security.
Source: National Solid Wastes Management Association (NSWMA)
Preventing Toxic Terrorism: How Some Chemical Facilities Are Removing Danger to American Communities
Abstract: The Department of Homeland Security and numerous security experts have warned that terrorists could turn hazardous chemical facilities into improvised weapons of mass destruction. Some of these facilities have replaced acutely hazardous chemicals with safer, readily available alternatives?making themselves less appealing terrorist targets, while also removing the ever-present danger of a serious accident. At these facilities, no failure in safety or security can send a catastrophic gas cloud into a nearby community. The Center for American Progress, with assistance from the National Association of State PIRGs and National Environmental Trust, conducted a survey to identify such facilities and spotlight successful practices that have removed unnecessary chemical dangers from our communities. This survey (which covered facilities that no longer report using extremely hazardous substances under the federal Risk Management Planning program) found that facilities across the country, representing a range of industries, have switched to safer alternatives from a variety of hazardous chemicals, producing dramatic security and safety benefits at a reasonable cost. This report summarizes the results of that survey. The full report, as well as a map of the facilities covered by the report (both in PDF format) are available for download from the URL listed here.
Source: Center for American Progress
Security Check: Hospitals Haven't Filled Rx for High-Tech Measures
Abstract: Written by Sarah A Klein, this article discusses security vulnerabilities particular to hospitals, providing some local examples from Chicago hospitals. Some suggestions for security improvement are made. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.chicagobusiness.com/mag/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Crain's Chicago Business, Vol. 26 No. 19 (pages 13-14)
Site Security Guidelines for the U.S. Chemical Industry [PDF]
Abstract: These guidelines outline typical elements of a good security program and suggest security practices that managers can consider and tailor to their facilities' particular circumstances. This includes information on employee and contractor security issues, risk assessment, prevention strategies, training, emergency response and crisis management, and physical and cyber security issues. The guidelines are available at this web site in PDF or MS Word format. (Length: 60 pages)
Source: American Chemistry Council, SOCMA, and Chlorine Institute
Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals
Abstract: Written by David Heinold and Douglas Smith, ScD., this article describes a step-wise approach to facility vulnerability assessments that is used by ENSR International consultants.
Source: ENSR International
The Green Chemistry Institute (American Chemical Society)
Abstract: The Green Chemistry Institute (GCI) is a non-profit organization within the American Chemical Society (ACS) founded to promote green chemistry through research, education, information dissemination, conferences & symposia, and international collaboration. GCI works across disciplines and academic, government, and industry sectors to promote the development and implementation of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances. The GCI web site provides information on green chemistry awards programs, educational materials, a list of educational institutions that offer academic green chemistry programs, links to international chapters of the GCI, news, information on upcoming green chemistry meetings/conferences, research opportunities, and resources for further information.
Source: American Chemical Society
WMRC: Green Chemistry
Abstract: This portion of the WMRC web site explains what green chemistry is, provides a list of current projects (within Illinois and beyond), contains links to green chemistry resources, and features a calendar of green chemistry-related events.
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)