Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated.
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P2 and Environmental Security: Browse by Keyword
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security [PDF]
Abstract: Because of today?s increased concerns about terrorism, companies are paying increased attention to the physical security of facility sites, chemical storage areas, and chemical processes. This Chemical Safety Alert highlights security areas that companies may want to review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented and provides resources for further information. (Length: 8 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
Chemical Attack Prevention Act (H.R. 726) [PDF]
Abstract: Representative Engel (D-NY) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. The bill requires a license from the Secretary of Commerce to purchase, sell, or distribute in interstate commerce any Schedule I or Schedule II chemical agent (as defined in the Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act of 1998). It defines such chemical agents as chemical weapons precursors, allows the Secretary to revoke licenses, and requires the licensee to make available to law enforcement authorities records of the purchase, sale, or distribution of chemical weapons precursors and to report any suspicious purchases of such items. (PDF Format; Length: 4 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Chemical Facilities Security Act of 2003 (S.994)
Abstract: Senator Inhofe (R-OK) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. The bill would require the chemical industry to conduct vulnerability assessments and security plans, and gives the Department of Homeland Security the authority to reject those plans if they are deemed inadequate to protect chemical plants against terrorism. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Chemical Imbalance: The Gaping Hole in Our Nation?s Security
Abstract: Written by Leslie Valentine, this Environmental Defense article discusses the risks associated with industrial sites that store or process large amounts of hazardous chemicals.
Source: Environmental Defense
Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels
Abstract: This EPA web site provides information on the Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels Regulatory Relief Act, including a link to the actual statute.
Source: U.S. EPA
Chemical Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ISAC)
Abstract: Coordinated by the Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC®), a service of the American Chemistry Council. A primary goal of the Chemical Sector ISAC is to enable the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC), to disseminate timely and actionable assessment, advisories and alerts to appropriate government and private sector entities when such incidents are deemed to have possible serious national security, economic or social consequences. The Chemical Sector ISAC is intended for those companies or other organizations involved in the manufacture, storage, transportation, distribution or handling of chemical products.
Chemical Security Act of 2003 (S.157) [PDF]
Abstract: Senator John Corzine (D-NJ) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. This bill proposes some measures to reduce potential impacts through prevention efforts. It directs the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to promulgate regulations to: (1) designate certain combinations of chemical sources and substances of concern as high priority categories based on the severity of the threat posed by an unauthorized release from chemical sources; and (2) require each owner and operator of a high priority category chemical source to conduct an assessment of the vulnerability of the source to a terrorist attack or other unauthorized release, identify hazards that may result from such release, and prepare a prevention, preparedness, and response plan. (PDF Format; Length: 23 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Clean Air Act 112 (r)
Abstract: This US EPA website provides information on the section of the Clean Air Act related to hazards associated with accidental releases of chemicals, plans for facility safety and response plans. This website includes related fact sheets, links to the text of the statute and regulation, information on related policies and frequently asked questions and answers.
Source: US EPA
Design for the Environment (DfE) Formulator Intiative
Abstract: By forming partnerships with the DfE Program, formulators can learn more about the effect that chemical ingredients and byproducts may have on the quality of aquatic life and the environment, the biodegradability of waste streams, and worker health and safety.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
Design for the Environment (DfE) Printed Wiring Board Partnership
Abstract: Traditional methods for manufacturing PWBs use toxic chemicals, such as formaldehyde, that pose potential health and environmental risks, use substantial amounts of water and energy, and generate large volumes of hazardous waste. The DfE Program partners, including the national PWB trade association, have examined alternative technologies that reduce or eliminate these impacts.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
Environmental Management Guide for Small Laboratories [PDF]
Abstract: This guide provides a summary of lab activities and the federal regulations that typically affect these activities, a lab self-assessment tool and a directory of applicable resources. (PDF Format; Length: 146 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 1
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the first part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to protection of critical infrastructure and communication of information. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 3; Pages 34-36, 60
Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 2
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the second part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to preparedness, response and recovery and protection of EPA personnel and infrastructure. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 4, pages 40-42
Environmental Self-Assessment for Health Care Facilities: A Quick and Easy Checklist of Pollution Prevention Measures for Healthcare Facilities
Abstract: This checklist is a guide primarily intended for use by laboratory managers, administrators, environmental compliance personnel, purchasing officers, safety professionals, housekeeping managers, waste management supervisors, and industrial hygienists involved with the day-to-day activities in a health care facility. Includes checklists on procurement, medical waste incinerators, hazardous & solid waste, ethylene oxide (EtO), PVC plastics, solvents, mercury, chemotherapy & antineoplastic chemicals, batteries, lamps, photographic chemicals, formaldehyde/formalin, radioactive waste, medical waste stream, recycling & reuse, housekeeping and facility maintenance. Also includes a resource guide and contact information for further assistance. (PDF format; Length: 51 pages).
Source: New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation
Enviroterrorism: A Long-range View
Abstract: Written by Joseph F. Guida, JD, this article provides an overview of issues confronting the U.S. in the areas of environmental protection and environmental regulation in the effort to prevent or mitigate future terrorist events. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 8
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA): Hazardous Materials Safety
Abstract: Part of the mission of FMCSA is to reduce the security risks of hazardous materials that could potentially be used to harm the public and environment. Developing programs to accomplish this secondary goal is the responsibility of the FMCSA Hazardous Materials (HM) Program. The program?s web site provides information on hazardous materials security, cargo tank motor vehicle safety, spill reporting and prevention, permits and shipping, risk assessment and analyses, training and education, and resources for further information.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation FMCSA
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA): Security Talking Points
Abstract: Security recommendations for hazardous materials carriers intended to help carriers guard against terrorist threats.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation FMCSA
Guidance on Precautions for Solid Waste Workers Handling Wastes Potentially Contaminated with Anthrax
Abstract: Advice for handling waste potentially contaminated with anthrax. Includes resources for further information.
Source: Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA)
Hazardous Materials Safety for the Safe Transportation of Hazardous Materials
Abstract: This web site provides information on aspects of the DOT Hazardous Materials Risk Management Program.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
Homeland Security: Voluntary Initiatives Are Under Way at Chemical Facilities, but the Extent of Security Preparedness is Unknown [PDF]
Abstract: The events of September 11, 2001, triggered a national re-examination of the security of thousands of industrial facilities that use or store hazardous chemicals in quantities that could potentially put large numbers of Americans at risk of serious injury or death in the event of a terrorist-caused chemical release. GAO was asked to examine (1) available information on the threats and risks from terrorism faced by U.S. chemical facilities; (2) federal requirements for security preparedness and safety at facilities; (3) actions taken by federal agencies to assess the vulnerability of the industry; and (4) voluntary actions the chemical industry has taken to address security preparedness, and the challenges it faces in protecting its assets and operations.
Source: U.S. General Accounting Office
Hospitals for a Healthy Environment (H2E)
Abstract: Cooperative effort between the American Hospital Association and EPA with goal of virtual mercury elimination by 2005. Site includes information on mercury, waste reduction, chemicals/P2, green buildings, green purchasing, and other tools.
Source: American Hospital Association
Inherently Safer Processes and Plants
Abstract: This web site provides links to articles and presentations by Dennis C. Hendershot of Rohm & Haas Company on inherently safer processes and plants.
Source: D.C. Hendershot
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Abstract: NNSA has four missions with regard to National Security: (1) To provide the United States Navy with safe, militarily effective nuclear propulsion plants and to ensure the safe and reliable operation of those plants; (2) to promote international nuclear safety and nonproliferation; (3) to reduce global danger from weapons of mass destruction; and (4) to support United States leadership in science and technology.
Source: U.S. Department of Energy
Nuclear Security: Security Issues at DOE and its Newly Created National Nuclear Safety Administration [PDF]
Abstract: Statement of Gary L. Jones, Associate Director, Energy, Resources and Science Issues, of the Resources, Community and Economic Development Division before the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittees on Energy and Power and Oversight and Investigations. (PDF Format; Length: 11 pages)
Source: General Accounting Office
OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Abstract: These standards require employers to develop a written Hazard Communication Program for their employees and contractors involved in hazardous waste operations. The program must identify, evaluate and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Pollution Prevention Northwest, Winter 2002: P2 and National Security [PDF]
Abstract: This edition of the PPRC newsletter focuses on ways in which pollution prevention may enhance national security. Provides a good overview of the topic, as well as resources for further information. Also available in HTML format at http://www.pprc.org/pprc/pubs/newslets/news0302.html. (PDF Format; Length: 10 pages)
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC)
Sandia Studies Security at Nation's Chemical Plants
Abstract: As part of a project sponsored by the Department of Justice, Sandia physical security experts have developed a systematic, risk-based assessment process called a vulnerability assessment methodology (VAM) that could be used to evaluate and improve security at more than 10,000 facilities in the U.S. that manufacture, store, or use hazardous chemicals.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals
Abstract: Written by David Heinold and Douglas Smith, ScD., this article describes a step-wise approach to facility vulnerability assessments that is used by ENSR International consultants.
Source: ENSR International
The Printer's One Plan Approach to the OSHA Hazard Communication Program, the EPA Emergency Response Plan, and the EPA Risk Management Plan
Abstract: Virtually all printers are required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to develop a written Hazard Communication Program, and most printers are required by OSHA to develop a written Emergency Action and Fire Prevention Plan. However, only a portion of the printers in the United States are required by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop an Emergency Response Plan, and even fewer are required to comply with the Section 112(r) regulations that went into affect June 21, 1999 which requires affected facilities to develop a Risk Management Plan. This fact sheet briefly discusses the elements of each set of rules and then explains how printers can satisfy each of these requirements (as applicable) in one written plan.
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)