Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated. GLRPPR has converted several of its Topic Hubs to LibGuides, which allow for integration of some social features.
View the converted hubs, as well as other LibGuides related to pollution prevention and sustainability, in the University of Illinois' LibGuides Community.
P2 and Environmental Security: Browse by Keyword
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Advice for Safeguarding Buildings Against Chemical or Biological Attack
Abstract: This site is intended for emergency personnel and for building operators. The advice on this site is appropriate for small and medium-sized releases such as those that would be expected from a terrorist attack, not for industrial-scale releases such as those at Bhopal, India or Chernobyl, Ukraine. Includes pre-event advice, during release advice, and training aids.
Source: Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL)
American Chemistry Council: Responsible Care
Abstract: An initiative of the ACC and its partners, Responsible Care is a voluntary program for improvement in environmental, health and safety performance beyond levels required by the U.S. government.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)
ANSER Institute for Homeland Security Weekly Homeland Security Newsletter
Abstract: This online newsletter, published by ANSER, focuses on news related to homeland security at local, state, national and international levels. Also includes private sector news, commentary, and a list of relevant upcoming events.
Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security [PDF]
Abstract: Because of today?s increased concerns about terrorism, companies are paying increased attention to the physical security of facility sites, chemical storage areas, and chemical processes. This Chemical Safety Alert highlights security areas that companies may want to review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented and provides resources for further information. (Length: 8 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
Chemical Facilities Security Act of 2003 (S.994)
Abstract: Senator Inhofe (R-OK) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. The bill would require the chemical industry to conduct vulnerability assessments and security plans, and gives the Department of Homeland Security the authority to reject those plans if they are deemed inadequate to protect chemical plants against terrorism. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Chemical Imbalance: The Gaping Hole in Our Nation?s Security
Abstract: Written by Leslie Valentine, this Environmental Defense article discusses the risks associated with industrial sites that store or process large amounts of hazardous chemicals.
Source: Environmental Defense
Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels
Abstract: This EPA web site provides information on the Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels Regulatory Relief Act, including a link to the actual statute.
Source: U.S. EPA
Chemical Security Act of 2003 (S.157) [PDF]
Abstract: Senator John Corzine (D-NJ) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. This bill proposes some measures to reduce potential impacts through prevention efforts. It directs the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to promulgate regulations to: (1) designate certain combinations of chemical sources and substances of concern as high priority categories based on the severity of the threat posed by an unauthorized release from chemical sources; and (2) require each owner and operator of a high priority category chemical source to conduct an assessment of the vulnerability of the source to a terrorist attack or other unauthorized release, identify hazards that may result from such release, and prepare a prevention, preparedness, and response plan. (PDF Format; Length: 23 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Clean Air Act 112 (r)
Abstract: This US EPA website provides information on the section of the Clean Air Act related to hazards associated with accidental releases of chemicals, plans for facility safety and response plans. This website includes related fact sheets, links to the text of the statute and regulation, information on related policies and frequently asked questions and answers.
Source: US EPA
Design for the Environment (DfE) Automotive Refinishing Partnership
Abstract: The DfE Program is working with the automotive repair industry and individual shops to increase awareness of the health and environmental concerns associated with refinishing activities and to identify and encourage the use of safer, cleaner, more efficient practices and technologies. The partnership?s web site features information on best practices and more efficient equipment that will help prevent pollution. A virtual auto body shop, developed with CCAR, is also available on the site.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
DoD: Environmental Security
Abstract: This site describes the DoD environmental security program. In this context ?environmental security? is basically synonymous with ?pollution prevention.?
Source: Department of Defense (DoD)
Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ESISAC)
Abstract: Operated by the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC), the ESISAC serves the Electricity Sector by facilitating communications between electric sector participants, federal government and other critical infrastructure industries. It is the job of the ESISAC to promptly disseminate threat indications, analyses, and warnings, together with interpretations, to assist electricity sector participants in taking protective actions. Web site includes a library, assessment methodologies, a calendar, advisories, links, and daily reports from the National Infrastructure Protection Center.
Source: North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC)
Emergency Preparedness for Business
Abstract: This site provides information to assist in business emergency planning.
Source: CDC National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Energy Information Sharing & Analysis Center (ISAC)
Abstract: The Energy ISAC is the one-stop clearinghouse for information on threats, vulnerabilities, solutions, and best practices. Your company will better understand the threats and vulnerabilities to your business so that you can take appropriate action. Members can submit information anonymously and receive near-real-time updates.
Source: Energy ISAC
Energy Infrastructure Risk Management Checklists for Small and Medium Sized Energy Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this document is to provide some general guidance and a starting point so that a smaller energy facility may identify its critical functions and assets, become aware of threats and vulnerabilities, evaluate and rank the threats in terms of the incidents they may cause, and initiate a security enhancement program, if appropriate. (PDF Format; Length: 26 pages)
Source: U.S. Office of Energy Assurance
Energy Infrastructure Vulnerability Survey Checklists [PDF]
Abstract: Vulnerability survey for energy infrastructure facilities. Includes critical asset assessment, threat applicability, security program management, physical security, operations security, and infrastructure interdependencies. (PDF Format; Length: 99 pages)
Source: U.S. Office of Energy Assurance
Environmental Management Guide for Small Laboratories [PDF]
Abstract: This guide provides a summary of lab activities and the federal regulations that typically affect these activities, a lab self-assessment tool and a directory of applicable resources. (PDF Format; Length: 146 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 1
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the first part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to protection of critical infrastructure and communication of information. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 3; Pages 34-36, 60
Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 2
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the second part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to preparedness, response and recovery and protection of EPA personnel and infrastructure. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 4, pages 40-42
Enviroterrorism: A Long-range View
Abstract: Written by Joseph F. Guida, JD, this article provides an overview of issues confronting the U.S. in the areas of environmental protection and environmental regulation in the effort to prevent or mitigate future terrorist events. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 8
Evacuation Planning Matrix
Abstract: This online tool provides ideas and online resources to help employers reduce their vulnerability to terrorist attacks. To use the evacuation guidance, an employer must first assess the vulnerability of the workplace to a terrorist release of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or other hazardous material. The matrix is not intended for use in a comprehensive compliance evaluation of an emergency plan. Rather, the document covers general aspects of emergency planning and includes broad questions to help review plans in light of an indoor or outdoor terrorist release. Planning for workplaces in each of three risk zones are discussed.
Source: Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
FSIS Security Guidelines for Food Processors [PDF]
Abstract: The guidelines were developed to assist Federal and State inspected plants that produce meat, poultry and egg products in identifying ways to strengthen their biosecurity protection. Includes sections on food security plan management, outside security, inside security, shipping and receiving security, water and ice supply security, mail handling security, and personnel security. (PDF Format; Length: 8 pages)
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service
GLRPPR Environmental Security Sector Resource
Abstract: This Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR) Sector Resource provides a compilation of annotated regional and national resources focused on pollution prevention as it relates to environmental security. Also provides a list of regional contacts for further information.
Guidance for Protecting Building Environments from Airborne Chemical, Biological or Radiological Attacks
Abstract: Identifies actions that a building owner or manager can implement without undue delay to enhance occupant protection from a chemical, biological, or radiological attack. This document includes information on what a building manager can do, things not to do, specific recommendations, physical site security, ventilation and filtration, as well as maintenance, administration and training. Document is in HTML format, but may also be downloaded at this URL in PDF format (length: 40 pages).
Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Homeland Security: EPA's Management of Clean Air Act Chemical Facility Data [PDF]
Abstract: Professional and trade groups representing critical infrastructure sectors including the chemical industry generally oppose the release of information regarding the vulnerability of such facilities. These groups argue that terrorists could use this information to target the chemical facilities that are most vulnerable or located near population centers. Other groups support communities' right to information about hazards to which they might be exposed. Federal, state, and local governments have weighed these factors in reassessing the information publicly available in their publications and on their Web sites. For this reason, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is currently reviewing its management of the chemical facility information it has obtained under Clean Air Act provisions. (PDF format; Length: 7 pages)
Source: U.S. General Accounting Office
Homeland Security: Voluntary Initiatives Are Under Way at Chemical Facilities, but the Extent of Security Preparedness is Unknown [PDF]
Abstract: The events of September 11, 2001, triggered a national re-examination of the security of thousands of industrial facilities that use or store hazardous chemicals in quantities that could potentially put large numbers of Americans at risk of serious injury or death in the event of a terrorist-caused chemical release. GAO was asked to examine (1) available information on the threats and risks from terrorism faced by U.S. chemical facilities; (2) federal requirements for security preparedness and safety at facilities; (3) actions taken by federal agencies to assess the vulnerability of the industry; and (4) voluntary actions the chemical industry has taken to address security preparedness, and the challenges it faces in protecting its assets and operations.
Source: U.S. General Accounting Office
Hospital Preparedness: Most Urban Hospitals Have Emergency Plans But Lack Certain Capacities for Bioterrorism Response [PDF]
Abstract: The GAO surveyed urban hospitals on their emergency preparedness for a possible bioterrorist attack. In general, hospitals were found to have written bioterrorist response plans and had familiarized some of their staffs with diagnosing exposure to possible bioterrorist agents, but most hospitals have not performed training exercises simulating an actual response to an attack and lack the proper medical equipment to deal with a flood of exposed patients. (PDF Format; Length: 45 pages)
Source: General Accounting Office (GAO)
Hospitals for a Healthy Environment (H2E)
Abstract: Cooperative effort between the American Hospital Association and EPA with goal of virtual mercury elimination by 2005. Site includes information on mercury, waste reduction, chemicals/P2, green buildings, green purchasing, and other tools.
Source: American Hospital Association
Nuclear Security: Security Issues at DOE and its Newly Created National Nuclear Safety Administration [PDF]
Abstract: Statement of Gary L. Jones, Associate Director, Energy, Resources and Science Issues, of the Resources, Community and Economic Development Division before the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittees on Energy and Power and Oversight and Investigations. (PDF Format; Length: 11 pages)
Source: General Accounting Office
OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Abstract: These standards require employers to develop a written Hazard Communication Program for their employees and contractors involved in hazardous waste operations. The program must identify, evaluate and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Pesticide Safety and Site Security
Abstract: This safety alert highlights general security measures that pesticide manufacturers and other companies that store pesticides should review. Includes sections related to knowing and understanding potential security threats, considerations for evaluating pesticide security, and timely coordination with authorities, as well as resources for further information.
Source: US EPA Office of Pesticide Programs
Pollution Prevention Northwest, Winter 2002: P2 and National Security [PDF]
Abstract: This edition of the PPRC newsletter focuses on ways in which pollution prevention may enhance national security. Provides a good overview of the topic, as well as resources for further information. Also available in HTML format at http://www.pprc.org/pprc/pubs/newslets/news0302.html. (PDF Format; Length: 10 pages)
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC)
Preventing Toxic Terrorism: How Some Chemical Facilities Are Removing Danger to American Communities
Abstract: The Department of Homeland Security and numerous security experts have warned that terrorists could turn hazardous chemical facilities into improvised weapons of mass destruction. Some of these facilities have replaced acutely hazardous chemicals with safer, readily available alternatives?making themselves less appealing terrorist targets, while also removing the ever-present danger of a serious accident. At these facilities, no failure in safety or security can send a catastrophic gas cloud into a nearby community. The Center for American Progress, with assistance from the National Association of State PIRGs and National Environmental Trust, conducted a survey to identify such facilities and spotlight successful practices that have removed unnecessary chemical dangers from our communities. This survey (which covered facilities that no longer report using extremely hazardous substances under the federal Risk Management Planning program) found that facilities across the country, representing a range of industries, have switched to safer alternatives from a variety of hazardous chemicals, producing dramatic security and safety benefits at a reasonable cost. This report summarizes the results of that survey. The full report, as well as a map of the facilities covered by the report (both in PDF format) are available for download from the URL listed here.
Source: Center for American Progress
Requirements of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002
Abstract: Requires most community water systems to conduct a vulnerability assessment and prepare or revise an emergency response plan, which incorporates the results of the vulnerability assessment. The system must then certify completion of the assessment and plan to the U.S. EPA administrator. (PDF Format; Length: 105 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
Sandia Develops Tool For Assessing Vulnerability of Buildings to Chemical and Biological Attacks
Abstract: A research team from the Department of Energy?s Sandia National Laboratories has developed modeling and simulation tools for assessing the threat and vulnerability of buildings to chemical and biological attacks.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
Sandia Studies Security at Nation's Chemical Plants
Abstract: As part of a project sponsored by the Department of Justice, Sandia physical security experts have developed a systematic, risk-based assessment process called a vulnerability assessment methodology (VAM) that could be used to evaluate and improve security at more than 10,000 facilities in the U.S. that manufacture, store, or use hazardous chemicals.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
Security Check: Hospitals Haven't Filled Rx for High-Tech Measures
Abstract: Written by Sarah A Klein, this article discusses security vulnerabilities particular to hospitals, providing some local examples from Chicago hospitals. Some suggestions for security improvement are made. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.chicagobusiness.com/mag/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Crain's Chicago Business, Vol. 26 No. 19 (pages 13-14)
Security Guidance for the Petroleum Industry [PDF]
Abstract: This document is intended to offer security guidance for the oil and natural gas industry, and builds upon the solid foundation of design and operational regulations, standards and recommended practices, which relate to environmental protection, emergency response, and protection from theft and vandalism. Includes guidelines for petroleum refineries, liquid pipelines, petroleum products distribution and marketing, oil and natural gas productions operations, marine transportation, and cyber/information technology security. (PDF Format; Length: 135 pages)
Source: American Petroleum Institute
Site Security Guidelines for the U.S. Chemical Industry [PDF]
Abstract: These guidelines outline typical elements of a good security program and suggest security practices that managers can consider and tailor to their facilities' particular circumstances. This includes information on employee and contractor security issues, risk assessment, prevention strategies, training, emergency response and crisis management, and physical and cyber security issues. The guidelines are available at this web site in PDF or MS Word format. (Length: 60 pages)
Source: American Chemistry Council, SOCMA, and Chlorine Institute
Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals
Abstract: Written by David Heinold and Douglas Smith, ScD., this article describes a step-wise approach to facility vulnerability assessments that is used by ENSR International consultants.
Source: ENSR International
The Printer's One Plan Approach to the OSHA Hazard Communication Program, the EPA Emergency Response Plan, and the EPA Risk Management Plan
Abstract: Virtually all printers are required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to develop a written Hazard Communication Program, and most printers are required by OSHA to develop a written Emergency Action and Fire Prevention Plan. However, only a portion of the printers in the United States are required by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop an Emergency Response Plan, and even fewer are required to comply with the Section 112(r) regulations that went into affect June 21, 1999 which requires affected facilities to develop a Risk Management Plan. This fact sheet briefly discusses the elements of each set of rules and then explains how printers can satisfy each of these requirements (as applicable) in one written plan.
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)
Transportation Security Administration
Abstract: As part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the Transportation Security Administration protects the Nation's transportation systems to ensure freedom of movement for people and commerce. The Administration?s web site provides current information on security measures and news for the transportation sector, as well as tips for travelers and consumers.
Source: U.S. Transportation Security Administration
U.S. EPA: Risk Management Program
Abstract: The Risk Management Program Rule requires that companies that use certain flammable and toxic substances to develop a Risk Management Program (RMP). RMPs include hazard assessments, prevention programs and emergency response programs. The Risk Management Program is about reducing chemical risk at the local level. This information helps local fire, police, and emergency response personnel (who must prepare for and respond to chemical accidents), and is useful to citizens in understanding the chemical hazards in communities.
Source: US EPA CEPPO
Water and Wastewater Security Product Guide
Abstract: This online guide is designed to assist treatment plant operators and utility managers in reducing risks and providing protection against possible natural disasters and intentional terrorist attacks. The guide is divided into sections on cyber protection products, physical asset monitoring products and water monitoring products. Products evaluated in the guide are applicable to distribution systems, wastewater collection systems, pumping stations, treatment processes, main plant sites, remote sites, personnel entry, chemical delivery and storage, and computer or other automated control systems. This website is a work in progress and will be updated at regular intervals to ensure that the most recent information on security technologies is available. New product guides will be added as they are developed. Users should check back frequently for the latest updates.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Water Security: 14 Features of Active & Effective Security
Abstract: EPA has identified 14 features of an active and effective water security program that will help water and wastewater systems reduce risk to public health from terrorist attacks and natural disasters. The recommendations address utility security in four functional categories: organizational, operational, infrastructure, and external.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Workplace Violence Awareness and Prevention
Abstract: The purpose of this document is to assist employers and employees to reduce the risk from workplace violence. It is intended to serve as a resource document from which employers and employees can get information and guidance, and can identify additional contacts and reference sources to implement a Workplace Violence Awareness and Prevention Program. Includes facts and figures about workplace violence, elements of a workplace violence prevention program, and a sample program.
Source: OSHA and the Long Island Coalition for Workplace Violence