Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Promoting Pollution Prevention Through Information Exchange

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Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Reasons for Change
Integrating P2 and Security
P2 Opportunities
Key Contacts
Complete List of Links

Accidents - Prevention / Agricultural chemicals / Air pollution / Air quality management / Airplanes / Alternative fuels / Analytical methods / Assessment / Best management practices / Bioaccumulation / Bioavailability / Biological assay / Biology / Biomass / Building maintenance / Cancer / Carcinogens / Chemical engineering / Chemical industry / Chemical laboratories / Chemical plants / Chemical processes / Chemical reactions / Chemical spills / Chemical storage / Chemical tracking / Chemicals / Chemistry / Chlorinated solvents / Chlorine compounds / Cities and towns / Clean Air Act / Cleaner production / Cleaning compounds / Commerce / Compliance / Depositions / Disaster relief / Disinfection and disinfectants / Dose-response relationship (Biochemistry) / Electric power / Electric power plants / Emergency management / Employee safety / Energy industries / Energy policy / Environment / Environmental aspects / Environmental auditing / Environmental chemistry / Environmental exposure / Environmental health / Environmental impact analysis / Environmental modeling / Environmental policy / Environmental protection / Environmentally safe products / Epidemiology / Facility management / Federal government / Fertilizers / Flammability / Food / Food contamination / Fossil fuel power plants / Fossil fuels / Fuel / Gas power plants / Geothermal resources / Government agencies / Government information / Hazardous substances / Hazardous waste / Hazardous waste generators / Hazardous waste management / Health / Health effects / Herbicides / Hospitals / Hydroelectric power plants / Indoor air pollution / Indoor air quality / Industrial buildings / Industrial design / Industrial policy / Infectious agents / Inflammable materials / Laboratories / Laboratory wastes / Laws and legislation / Legislators / Life cycle assessment / Local government / Maintenance / Management / Manufacturers / Material safety data sheets / Medical instruments and apparatus / Medical laboratories / Medical technology / Mercury / Methodology / Military bases / Military weapons / Municipal government / Municipal services / Municipal waste / Municipal water supply / Natural gas / Navy-yards and naval stations / Needs assessment / Neurotoxic agents / Nuclear energy / Nuclear power plants / Nuclear weapons industry / Occupational safety and health / Oil industry / Oil pollution / Oil storage tanks / Organic chemicals / Organic solvents / Organic wastes / Pest control / Pesticide residues / Pesticides / Pesticides industry and trade / Petroleum / Petroleum industry and trade / Petroleum refineries / Petroleum waste / Pipelines / Poisoning / Poisons / Pollutants / Pollution / Pollution prevention / POTW / Power / Power plants / Premature infants / Process modification / Product safety / Public buildings / Public utilities / Public works / Publicly owned treatment works / Radioactive substances / Radioactive wastes / Radioisotopes / Railroads / Research / Resource Conservation and Recovery Act / Retail trade / Right-to-know / Risk assessment / Risk communication / Risk factors / Risk management / Safe Drinking Water Act / Safety equipment / Safety measures / Science / Sewage treatment / Site assessment / Solar energy / Solvents / Source reduction (Waste management) / Spills and accidents / State governments / States / Statistics / Storage / Storage tanks / Substitute materials / Surveying / Technical assistance / Technical reports / Technology / Technology assessment / Testing / Testing laboratories / Testing methods / Toxic chemicals / Toxic release inventory / Toxicity / Toxicity testing / Toxicology / Trace analysis / Transportation / Trucking / Underground storage / United States / United States. Department of Agriculture / United States. Department of Defense / United States. Department of Energy / United States. Department of Transportation / United States. Environmental Protection Agency / United States. Food and Drug Administration / United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration / Urban transportation / Utilities / Violence / Washington, D.C. / Waste / Waste disposal / Waste management / Waste products / Waste reduction / Waste storage / Waste treatment / Water / Water pollution / Water purification / Water quality / Water supply / Water treatment / Weapons industry / Wind power

Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

A Water Security Handbook: Planning for and Responding to Drinking Water Contamination Threats and Incidents [PDF]
Abstract: This handbook describes how to recognize international water contamination threats and incidents, what actions a utility should take in the event of a threat or incident, possible roles of the water utility with the larger Incident Command framework, and how the National Incident Management System is organized. It also describes the utility's actions and decisions during site characterization, laboratory analysis, public health repsonse, remediation and recovery. (PDF Format; Length: 72 pages)
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Advice for Safeguarding Buildings Against Chemical or Biological Attack
Abstract: This site is intended for emergency personnel and for building operators. The advice on this site is appropriate for small and medium-sized releases such as those that would be expected from a terrorist attack, not for industrial-scale releases such as those at Bhopal, India or Chernobyl, Ukraine. Includes pre-event advice, during release advice, and training aids.
Source: Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Agricultural Biological Warfare: An Overview
Abstract: In this article, Jonathan Ban of the Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute discusses his view that U.S. agricultural resources need to be considered more closely as a possible avenue of biological warfare. (PDF format; Length: 8 pages)
Source: The Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)

American Chemistry Council: Responsible Care
Abstract: An initiative of the ACC and its partners, Responsible Care is a voluntary program for improvement in environmental, health and safety performance beyond levels required by the U.S. government.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)

Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response
Abstract: This plan, prepared by Ali S. Khan and Michael J. Sage in collaboration with the CDC Strategic Planning Workgroup, contains recommendations to reduce U.S. vulnerability to biological and chemical terrorism. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 21, 2000/49(RR04); 1-14. (Length: 13 pages)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

Biosecurity and the Food Supply
Abstract: This fact sheet provides background information on biosecurity and the food supply, including an overview of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) biosecurity activities.
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service

Center for the Study of Bioterrorism
Abstract: This site provides a compilation of information, case studies, references, information on research and resources related to bioterrorism.
Source: Saint Louis University School of Public Health

Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security [PDF]
Abstract: Because of today?s increased concerns about terrorism, companies are paying increased attention to the physical security of facility sites, chemical storage areas, and chemical processes. This Chemical Safety Alert highlights security areas that companies may want to review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented and provides resources for further information. (Length: 8 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response

Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels
Abstract: This EPA web site provides information on the Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels Regulatory Relief Act, including a link to the actual statute.
Source: U.S. EPA

Clean Air Act 112 (r)
Abstract: This US EPA website provides information on the section of the Clean Air Act related to hazards associated with accidental releases of chemicals, plans for facility safety and response plans. This website includes related fact sheets, links to the text of the statute and regulation, information on related policies and frequently asked questions and answers.
Source: US EPA

Defense Environmental Network & Information Exchange (DENIX)
Abstract: DENIX serves as a central platform for the dissemination of environment, safety and occupational health (ESOH) news, policy, and guidance within Department of Defense (DoD) activities worldwide, in support of the national defense mission.
Source: U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)

Design for the Environment (DfE) Adhesives Technology Partnership
Abstract: The DfE Adhesives Technologies Partnership works with industry members; federal, state and local governments; and public interest groups to develop alternative solvents and processes for adhesive technologies. Project partners are working to mitigate the health and environmental impacts posed by adhesives used in numerous manufacturing industries.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program

Design for the Environment (DfE) Industrial & Institutional Laundry Partnership
Abstract: The DfE Industrial and Institutional Laundry Partnership works with detergent and other laundry product formulators to design products with improved environmental and human health characteristics.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program

Design for the Environment (DfE) Lead-Free Solder Partnership
Abstract: To address the information gap on the environmental impacts of leaded and lead-free solders, EPA's DfE Program has entered into a voluntary partnership with representatives of the electronics industry and other interested parties to evaluate the environmental impacts of tin-lead and lead-free solders (see the Partners page of this website for more information on project partners). Specifically, the partnership is using a life-cycle assessment approach to examine the impacts of: tin-lead, tin-copper, tin-silver-copper, and tin-silver-copper-bismuth solders.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program

Design for the Environment (DfE) Printed Wiring Board Partnership
Abstract: Traditional methods for manufacturing PWBs use toxic chemicals, such as formaldehyde, that pose potential health and environmental risks, use substantial amounts of water and energy, and generate large volumes of hazardous waste. The DfE Program partners, including the national PWB trade association, have examined alternative technologies that reduce or eliminate these impacts.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program

DoD: Environmental Security
Abstract: This site describes the DoD environmental security program. In this context ?environmental security? is basically synonymous with ?pollution prevention.?
Source: Department of Defense (DoD)

EPRCA Information
Abstract: This EPA website provides an overview of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), information on compliance and reporting, chemical information, guidance documents and resources for further information. The EPCRA establishes requirements for governments, tribes, and industry that deal with hazardous and toxic chemicals for emergency planning, release potential assessment, and communication and reporting.
Source: US EPA

Evacuation Planning Matrix
Abstract: This online tool provides ideas and online resources to help employers reduce their vulnerability to terrorist attacks. To use the evacuation guidance, an employer must first assess the vulnerability of the workplace to a terrorist release of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or other hazardous material. The matrix is not intended for use in a comprehensive compliance evaluation of an emergency plan. Rather, the document covers general aspects of emergency planning and includes broad questions to help review plans in light of an indoor or outdoor terrorist release. Planning for workplaces in each of three risk zones are discussed.
Source: Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)

Food Producers, Processors, Transporters, and Retailers: Food Security Preventive Measures Guidance [PDF]
Abstract: This guidance is designed as an aid to operators of food establishments (i.e. firms that produce, process, store, repack, relabel, distribute, or transport food or food ingredients or that prepare or distribute food at retail). It identifies preventive measures that they can take to minimize the risk that food under their control will be subject to tampering or criminal or terrorist actions. It is relevant to all sectors of the food system (i.e., from farm-to-table), including farms, aquaculture facilities, fishing vessels, producers, transportation operations, processing facilities, packing facilities, warehouses, and retail and food-service establishments. This guidance is designed to focus operators sequentially on each segment of the farm-to-table system that is within their control, to minimize the risk of tampering or criminal or terrorist action at each segment. (Length: 9 pages)
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Food Security and Emergency Preparedness
Abstract: This FSIS web site provides information on food safety for consumers, industry and employees. Also provides information on what USDA/FSIS is doing to ensure food safety, as well as information on specific biosecurity concerns.
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)

Frequently Asked Consumer Questions About Food Safety and Terrorism
Abstract: This fact sheet provides frequently asked questions and answers regarding terrorist contamination of the food supply.
Source: US FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

FSIS Safety and Security Guidelines for the Transportation and Distribution of Meat, Poultry, and Egg Products [PDF]
Abstract: These guidelines address all transportation and distribution points where potential contaminants (physical, chemical, radiological, or microbiological) could be introduced. Prevention of contamination and security measures against deliberate contamination attempts by terrorists are covered. (PDF Format; Length: 40 pages)
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)

FSIS Security Guidelines for Food Processors [PDF]
Abstract: The guidelines were developed to assist Federal and State inspected plants that produce meat, poultry and egg products in identifying ways to strengthen their biosecurity protection. Includes sections on food security plan management, outside security, inside security, shipping and receiving security, water and ice supply security, mail handling security, and personnel security. (PDF Format; Length: 8 pages)
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service

Guidance for Protecting Building Environments from Airborne Chemical, Biological or Radiological Attacks
Abstract: Identifies actions that a building owner or manager can implement without undue delay to enhance occupant protection from a chemical, biological, or radiological attack. This document includes information on what a building manager can do, things not to do, specific recommendations, physical site security, ventilation and filtration, as well as maintenance, administration and training. Document is in HTML format, but may also be downloaded at this URL in PDF format (length: 40 pages).
Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Guidance on Precautions for Solid Waste Workers Handling Wastes Potentially Contaminated with Anthrax
Abstract: Advice for handling waste potentially contaminated with anthrax. Includes resources for further information.
Source: Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA)

Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies
Abstract: Written by Marcia Greenblatt, Ph.D., Jack Donohue, and Ken Wagner, Ph.D., this article discusses how recent security legislation affects public water suppliers, watershed protection efforts and the bottled water industry.
Source: ENSR International

Hospital Preparedness: Most Urban Hospitals Have Emergency Plans But Lack Certain Capacities for Bioterrorism Response [PDF]
Abstract: The GAO surveyed urban hospitals on their emergency preparedness for a possible bioterrorist attack. In general, hospitals were found to have written bioterrorist response plans and had familiarized some of their staffs with diagnosing exposure to possible bioterrorist agents, but most hospitals have not performed training exercises simulating an actual response to an attack and lack the proper medical equipment to deal with a flood of exposed patients. (PDF Format; Length: 45 pages)
Source: General Accounting Office (GAO)

Hospitals for a Healthy Environment (H2E)
Abstract: Cooperative effort between the American Hospital Association and EPA with goal of virtual mercury elimination by 2005. Site includes information on mercury, waste reduction, chemicals/P2, green buildings, green purchasing, and other tools.
Source: American Hospital Association

Importers and Filers: Food Security Preventive Measures Guidance
Abstract: This guidance is designed as an aid to operators of food importing establishments, storage warehouses, and filers. It identifies the kinds of preventive measures that they can take to minimize the risk that food under their control will be subject to tampering or criminal or terrorist actions.
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Mary Kay O'Connor Process Safety Center
Abstract: This center was established at Texas A&M University in 1995. The Center conducts programs and research activities that enhance safety in the chemical process industries. The Center also develops safer processes, equipment, procedures and management strategies to minimize losses within the processing industry. The Center?s website includes information on its research, educational programs, access to its library and safety alerts.
Source: Texas A&M University

NSWMA: Legislative and Regulatory Issues
Abstract: This portion of the NSWMA web site includes information on transportation security.
Source: National Solid Wastes Management Association (NSWMA)

OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Abstract: These standards require employers to develop a written Hazard Communication Program for their employees and contractors involved in hazardous waste operations. The program must identify, evaluate and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

Requirements of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002
Abstract: Requires most community water systems to conduct a vulnerability assessment and prepare or revise an emergency response plan, which incorporates the results of the vulnerability assessment. The system must then certify completion of the assessment and plan to the U.S. EPA administrator. (PDF Format; Length: 105 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA

Sandia Develops Tool For Assessing Vulnerability of Buildings to Chemical and Biological Attacks
Abstract: A research team from the Department of Energy?s Sandia National Laboratories has developed modeling and simulation tools for assessing the threat and vulnerability of buildings to chemical and biological attacks.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories

Surface Transportation Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ST-ISAC)
Abstract: The services provided by the ST-ISAC create a robust cyber and physical security capability for owners, operators and users of critical infrastructure. The ST-ISAC collects, analyzes and distributes critical security and threat information from worldwide resources to protect its members' vital information and information technology systems from attack. ST-ISAC services are specifically tailored to meet the security demands of each one of its members.
Source: ST-ISAC

Testimony of Michael F. Jacobson, Ph.D., Hearing on ?Federal Food Safety Oversight: Does the Fragmented Structure Really Make Sense??
Abstract: This testimony before the Senate Committee on Government Affairs Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management relates to the strength of the federal food safety system.
Source: Center for Science in the Public Interest

The Association of State Drinking Water Administrators (ASDWA)?Critical Infrastructure Protection
Abstract: This portion of the ASDWA web site provides a comprehensive collection of Internet resources dealing with security and protection for drinking water infrastructure. To view this section of their site, go the URL provided here and select ?Security? from the left-hand navigation bar on that page (the site is in frames format).
Source: ASDWA

The Complementary Role of Environmental and Security Biological Control Regimes in the 21st Century
Abstract: In this article, Graham S. Pearson discusses how considerations of national and international security and the protection of the environment might be combined in future biological control regimes. Full citation: Pearson, G.S. 1997. The Complementary Role of Environmental and Security Biological Control Regimes in the 21st Century. JAMA 278(5): 367-372. Contact your local library or see the JAMA web site at for information on obtaining a copy of this article.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)

U.S. EPA Security Strategy
Abstract: In September 2002, EPA published a Strategic Plan for Homeland Security outlining the Agency's activities and initiatives through fiscal year 2005 in support of homeland security. The 2004 Homeland Security Strategy (PDF) (68 pp, 1.6 Mb) updates this earlier effort and furthers EPA's strategic planning process. Specifically, the update takes into consideration the Agency's available resources through fiscal year 2005, recent Presidential Directives and expectations, and the evolving role of the Department of Homeland Security.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

U.S. EPA: Human Health Research Program
Abstract: EPA's Human Health Research Program offers this Web site on the latest information on its research to protect public health. The program's science looks at such questions as why some people are more sensitive to pollution and how exposure to chemicals affects people's health. The site is designed for the general public as well as for the scientific community. The site provides easy access to research and results on methods, tools, and data needed to improve risk assessments to protect the public. Visitors to the site will find an overview of the research, information on how research has contributed to decision making, resource materials available in journal publications and reports, and a listing of meetings and conferences.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

U.S. EPA: Risk Management Program
Abstract: The Risk Management Program Rule requires that companies that use certain flammable and toxic substances to develop a Risk Management Program (RMP). RMPs include hazard assessments, prevention programs and emergency response programs. The Risk Management Program is about reducing chemical risk at the local level. This information helps local fire, police, and emergency response personnel (who must prepare for and respond to chemical accidents), and is useful to citizens in understanding the chemical hazards in communities.

U.S. EPA: The EPA and Food Security
Abstract: This factsheet provides an overview of EPA activities that contribute to food security in the U.S.
Source: U.S. EPA

USDA: Keeping America's Food and Agriculture Safe
Abstract: This USDA web site provides information on USDA homeland security efforts, and what producers, processors, meal providers and others can do to help.
Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The P2 and Environmental Security Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
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Hub Last Updated: 10/2/2012

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