Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated.
GLRPPR has converted several of its Topic Hubs to LibGuides, which allowed for integration of some social features. View the converted hubs, as well as other LibGuides related to pollution prevention and sustainability, in the University of Illinois' LibGuides Community.
P2 and Environmental Security: Browse by Keyword
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Advice for Safeguarding Buildings Against Chemical or Biological Attack
Abstract: This site is intended for emergency personnel and for building operators. The advice on this site is appropriate for small and medium-sized releases such as those that would be expected from a terrorist attack, not for industrial-scale releases such as those at Bhopal, India or Chernobyl, Ukraine. Includes pre-event advice, during release advice, and training aids.
Source: Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL)
American Chemistry Council: Responsible Care
Abstract: An initiative of the ACC and its partners, Responsible Care is a voluntary program for improvement in environmental, health and safety performance beyond levels required by the U.S. government.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)
American Red Cross Homeland Security Advisory System Recommendations for Individuals, Families, Neighborhoods, Schools and Businesses
Abstract: Provides recommended actions based upon the different levels of risk of attack included in the Homeland Security Advisory System. Also provides additional fact sheets and guidance related to terrorism and unexpected events. Recommendations for the different target audiences are available in PDF format. Copyright 2003, The American National Red Cross. All Rights Reserved.
Source: American Red Cross
ANSER Institute for Homeland Security Weekly Homeland Security Newsletter
Abstract: This online newsletter, published by ANSER, focuses on news related to homeland security at local, state, national and international levels. Also includes private sector news, commentary, and a list of relevant upcoming events.
Chemical Plant Security [PDF]
Abstract: This Congressional report provides an overview of chemical plant security issues and discusses policy options for the improvement of plant security. Includes information on inherently safer processes as a way to decrease security risks. (PDF format; Length: 35 pages)
Source: Congressional Research Service/Library of Congress
Chemical Security Act of 2003 (S.157) [PDF]
Abstract: Senator John Corzine (D-NJ) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. This bill proposes some measures to reduce potential impacts through prevention efforts. It directs the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to promulgate regulations to: (1) designate certain combinations of chemical sources and substances of concern as high priority categories based on the severity of the threat posed by an unauthorized release from chemical sources; and (2) require each owner and operator of a high priority category chemical source to conduct an assessment of the vulnerability of the source to a terrorist attack or other unauthorized release, identify hazards that may result from such release, and prepare a prevention, preparedness, and response plan. (PDF Format; Length: 23 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Clean Air Act 112 (r)
Abstract: This US EPA website provides information on the section of the Clean Air Act related to hazards associated with accidental releases of chemicals, plans for facility safety and response plans. This website includes related fact sheets, links to the text of the statute and regulation, information on related policies and frequently asked questions and answers.
Source: US EPA
Design for the Environment (DfE) Formulator Intiative
Abstract: By forming partnerships with the DfE Program, formulators can learn more about the effect that chemical ingredients and byproducts may have on the quality of aquatic life and the environment, the biodegradability of waste streams, and worker health and safety.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
Design for the Environment (DfE) Printed Wiring Board Partnership
Abstract: Traditional methods for manufacturing PWBs use toxic chemicals, such as formaldehyde, that pose potential health and environmental risks, use substantial amounts of water and energy, and generate large volumes of hazardous waste. The DfE Program partners, including the national PWB trade association, have examined alternative technologies that reduce or eliminate these impacts.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
Design for the Environment (DfE) Screen Printing Partnership
Abstract: The DfE Screen Printing Partnership encourages screen printers to consider environmental and worker safety concerns along with cost and performance factors when purchasing materials and designing systems.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
Emergency Preparedness for Business
Abstract: This site provides information to assist in business emergency planning.
Source: CDC National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Environmental Management Guide for Small Laboratories [PDF]
Abstract: This guide provides a summary of lab activities and the federal regulations that typically affect these activities, a lab self-assessment tool and a directory of applicable resources. (PDF Format; Length: 146 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 2
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the second part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to preparedness, response and recovery and protection of EPA personnel and infrastructure. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 4, pages 40-42
Enviroterrorism: A Long-range View
Abstract: Written by Joseph F. Guida, JD, this article provides an overview of issues confronting the U.S. in the areas of environmental protection and environmental regulation in the effort to prevent or mitigate future terrorist events. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 8
Evacuation Planning Matrix
Abstract: This online tool provides ideas and online resources to help employers reduce their vulnerability to terrorist attacks. To use the evacuation guidance, an employer must first assess the vulnerability of the workplace to a terrorist release of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or other hazardous material. The matrix is not intended for use in a comprehensive compliance evaluation of an emergency plan. Rather, the document covers general aspects of emergency planning and includes broad questions to help review plans in light of an indoor or outdoor terrorist release. Planning for workplaces in each of three risk zones are discussed.
Source: Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA): Hazardous Materials Safety
Abstract: Part of the mission of FMCSA is to reduce the security risks of hazardous materials that could potentially be used to harm the public and environment. Developing programs to accomplish this secondary goal is the responsibility of the FMCSA Hazardous Materials (HM) Program. The program?s web site provides information on hazardous materials security, cargo tank motor vehicle safety, spill reporting and prevention, permits and shipping, risk assessment and analyses, training and education, and resources for further information.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation FMCSA
GLRPPR Environmental Security Sector Resource
Abstract: This Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR) Sector Resource provides a compilation of annotated regional and national resources focused on pollution prevention as it relates to environmental security. Also provides a list of regional contacts for further information.
Guidance for Protecting Building Environments from Airborne Chemical, Biological or Radiological Attacks
Abstract: Identifies actions that a building owner or manager can implement without undue delay to enhance occupant protection from a chemical, biological, or radiological attack. This document includes information on what a building manager can do, things not to do, specific recommendations, physical site security, ventilation and filtration, as well as maintenance, administration and training. Document is in HTML format, but may also be downloaded at this URL in PDF format (length: 40 pages).
Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Guidance on Precautions for Solid Waste Workers Handling Wastes Potentially Contaminated with Anthrax
Abstract: Advice for handling waste potentially contaminated with anthrax. Includes resources for further information.
Source: Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA)
Hospital Preparedness: Most Urban Hospitals Have Emergency Plans But Lack Certain Capacities for Bioterrorism Response [PDF]
Abstract: The GAO surveyed urban hospitals on their emergency preparedness for a possible bioterrorist attack. In general, hospitals were found to have written bioterrorist response plans and had familiarized some of their staffs with diagnosing exposure to possible bioterrorist agents, but most hospitals have not performed training exercises simulating an actual response to an attack and lack the proper medical equipment to deal with a flood of exposed patients. (PDF Format; Length: 45 pages)
Source: General Accounting Office (GAO)
NSWMA: Legislative and Regulatory Issues
Abstract: This portion of the NSWMA web site includes information on transportation security.
Source: National Solid Wastes Management Association (NSWMA)
OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Abstract: These standards require employers to develop a written Hazard Communication Program for their employees and contractors involved in hazardous waste operations. The program must identify, evaluate and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Pollution Prevention Northwest, Winter 2002: P2 and National Security [PDF]
Abstract: This edition of the PPRC newsletter focuses on ways in which pollution prevention may enhance national security. Provides a good overview of the topic, as well as resources for further information. Also available in HTML format at http://www.pprc.org/pprc/pubs/newslets/news0302.html. (PDF Format; Length: 10 pages)
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC)
Sandia Develops Tool For Assessing Vulnerability of Buildings to Chemical and Biological Attacks
Abstract: A research team from the Department of Energy?s Sandia National Laboratories has developed modeling and simulation tools for assessing the threat and vulnerability of buildings to chemical and biological attacks.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
Sandia Studies Security at Nation's Chemical Plants
Abstract: As part of a project sponsored by the Department of Justice, Sandia physical security experts have developed a systematic, risk-based assessment process called a vulnerability assessment methodology (VAM) that could be used to evaluate and improve security at more than 10,000 facilities in the U.S. that manufacture, store, or use hazardous chemicals.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
Security Check: Hospitals Haven't Filled Rx for High-Tech Measures
Abstract: Written by Sarah A Klein, this article discusses security vulnerabilities particular to hospitals, providing some local examples from Chicago hospitals. Some suggestions for security improvement are made. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.chicagobusiness.com/mag/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Crain's Chicago Business, Vol. 26 No. 19 (pages 13-14)
Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals
Abstract: Written by David Heinold and Douglas Smith, ScD., this article describes a step-wise approach to facility vulnerability assessments that is used by ENSR International consultants.
Source: ENSR International
Surface Transportation Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ST-ISAC)
Abstract: The services provided by the ST-ISAC create a robust cyber and physical security capability for owners, operators and users of critical infrastructure. The ST-ISAC collects, analyzes and distributes critical security and threat information from worldwide resources to protect its members' vital information and information technology systems from attack. ST-ISAC services are specifically tailored to meet the security demands of each one of its members.
The Printer's One Plan Approach to the OSHA Hazard Communication Program, the EPA Emergency Response Plan, and the EPA Risk Management Plan
Abstract: Virtually all printers are required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to develop a written Hazard Communication Program, and most printers are required by OSHA to develop a written Emergency Action and Fire Prevention Plan. However, only a portion of the printers in the United States are required by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop an Emergency Response Plan, and even fewer are required to comply with the Section 112(r) regulations that went into affect June 21, 1999 which requires affected facilities to develop a Risk Management Plan. This fact sheet briefly discusses the elements of each set of rules and then explains how printers can satisfy each of these requirements (as applicable) in one written plan.
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)
Transportation Security Administration
Abstract: As part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the Transportation Security Administration protects the Nation's transportation systems to ensure freedom of movement for people and commerce. The Administration?s web site provides current information on security measures and news for the transportation sector, as well as tips for travelers and consumers.
Source: U.S. Transportation Security Administration
Transportation Security Regulations
Abstract: The TSA issues and administers Transportation Security Regulations (TSRs), which are codified in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Chapter XII, parts 1500 through 1699. These regulations cover air, land and maritime travel and transport.
Source: U.S. Transportation Security Administration
U.S. EPA: Risk Management Program
Abstract: The Risk Management Program Rule requires that companies that use certain flammable and toxic substances to develop a Risk Management Program (RMP). RMPs include hazard assessments, prevention programs and emergency response programs. The Risk Management Program is about reducing chemical risk at the local level. This information helps local fire, police, and emergency response personnel (who must prepare for and respond to chemical accidents), and is useful to citizens in understanding the chemical hazards in communities.
Source: US EPA CEPPO
Water and Wastewater Security Product Guide
Abstract: This online guide is designed to assist treatment plant operators and utility managers in reducing risks and providing protection against possible natural disasters and intentional terrorist attacks. The guide is divided into sections on cyber protection products, physical asset monitoring products and water monitoring products. Products evaluated in the guide are applicable to distribution systems, wastewater collection systems, pumping stations, treatment processes, main plant sites, remote sites, personnel entry, chemical delivery and storage, and computer or other automated control systems. This website is a work in progress and will be updated at regular intervals to ensure that the most recent information on security technologies is available. New product guides will be added as they are developed. Users should check back frequently for the latest updates.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Workplace Violence Awareness and Prevention
Abstract: The purpose of this document is to assist employers and employees to reduce the risk from workplace violence. It is intended to serve as a resource document from which employers and employees can get information and guidance, and can identify additional contacts and reference sources to implement a Workplace Violence Awareness and Prevention Program. Includes facts and figures about workplace violence, elements of a workplace violence prevention program, and a sample program.
Source: OSHA and the Long Island Coalition for Workplace Violence