Please note that the Topic Hubs developed by this Center have been archived and are no longer being updated. GLRPPR has converted several of its Topic Hubs to LibGuides, which allow for integration of some social features.
View the converted hubs, as well as other LibGuides related to pollution prevention and sustainability, in the University of Illinois' LibGuides Community.
P2 and Environmental Security: Browse by Keyword
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
A Method to Assess the Vulnerability of U.S. Chemical Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: This special report presents an overview of a prototype methodology to assess the security of chemical facilities within the United States. This vulnerability assessment methodology identifies and assesses potential security threats, risks and vulnerabilities and guides the chemical facility industry in making security improvements. (PDF format; Length: 33 pages)
Source: National Institute of Justice & Sandia National Laboratories
American Chemistry Council: Chemical Industry Security
Abstract: This portion of the ACC web site includes a compilation of documents, guidelines and news releases related to security for the chemical industry and ACC?s security efforts.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)
American Chemistry Council: Responsible Care
Abstract: An initiative of the ACC and its partners, Responsible Care is a voluntary program for improvement in environmental, health and safety performance beyond levels required by the U.S. government.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)
Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)
Abstract: CCPS and its sponsor companies are committed to protecting employees, communities, and the environment by developing engineering and management practices to prevent or mitigate catastrophic releases of chemicals, hydrocarbons, and other hazardous materials. The organization?s web site includes several tools, databases and over 80 books and other publications to help improve the safety of chemical processes.
Source: American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)
Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security [PDF]
Abstract: Because of today?s increased concerns about terrorism, companies are paying increased attention to the physical security of facility sites, chemical storage areas, and chemical processes. This Chemical Safety Alert highlights security areas that companies may want to review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented and provides resources for further information. (Length: 8 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
Chemical Attack Prevention Act (H.R. 726) [PDF]
Abstract: Representative Engel (D-NY) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. The bill requires a license from the Secretary of Commerce to purchase, sell, or distribute in interstate commerce any Schedule I or Schedule II chemical agent (as defined in the Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act of 1998). It defines such chemical agents as chemical weapons precursors, allows the Secretary to revoke licenses, and requires the licensee to make available to law enforcement authorities records of the purchase, sale, or distribution of chemical weapons precursors and to report any suspicious purchases of such items. (PDF Format; Length: 4 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Chemical Plant Security [PDF]
Abstract: This Congressional report provides an overview of chemical plant security issues and discusses policy options for the improvement of plant security. Includes information on inherently safer processes as a way to decrease security risks. (PDF format; Length: 35 pages)
Source: Congressional Research Service/Library of Congress
Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels
Abstract: This EPA web site provides information on the Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels Regulatory Relief Act, including a link to the actual statute.
Source: U.S. EPA
Chemical Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ISAC)
Abstract: Coordinated by the Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC®), a service of the American Chemistry Council. A primary goal of the Chemical Sector ISAC is to enable the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC), to disseminate timely and actionable assessment, advisories and alerts to appropriate government and private sector entities when such incidents are deemed to have possible serious national security, economic or social consequences. The Chemical Sector ISAC is intended for those companies or other organizations involved in the manufacture, storage, transportation, distribution or handling of chemical products.
Design for the Environment (DfE) Formulator Intiative
Abstract: By forming partnerships with the DfE Program, formulators can learn more about the effect that chemical ingredients and byproducts may have on the quality of aquatic life and the environment, the biodegradability of waste streams, and worker health and safety.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
GLRPPR Green Chemistry Sector Resource
Abstract: This Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR) Sector Resource provides a compilation of annotated regional and national resources related to green chemistry. Also provides a list of regional contacts for further information.
Source: Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR)
Homeland Security: Voluntary Initiatives Are Under Way at Chemical Facilities, but the Extent of Security Preparedness is Unknown [PDF]
Abstract: The events of September 11, 2001, triggered a national re-examination of the security of thousands of industrial facilities that use or store hazardous chemicals in quantities that could potentially put large numbers of Americans at risk of serious injury or death in the event of a terrorist-caused chemical release. GAO was asked to examine (1) available information on the threats and risks from terrorism faced by U.S. chemical facilities; (2) federal requirements for security preparedness and safety at facilities; (3) actions taken by federal agencies to assess the vulnerability of the industry; and (4) voluntary actions the chemical industry has taken to address security preparedness, and the challenges it faces in protecting its assets and operations.
Source: U.S. General Accounting Office
Inherently Safer Processes and Plants
Abstract: This web site provides links to articles and presentations by Dennis C. Hendershot of Rohm & Haas Company on inherently safer processes and plants.
Source: D.C. Hendershot
Mary Kay O'Connor Process Safety Center
Abstract: This center was established at Texas A&M University in 1995. The Center conducts programs and research activities that enhance safety in the chemical process industries. The Center also develops safer processes, equipment, procedures and management strategies to minimize losses within the processing industry. The Center?s website includes information on its research, educational programs, access to its library and safety alerts.
Source: Texas A&M University
Sandia Studies Security at Nation's Chemical Plants
Abstract: As part of a project sponsored by the Department of Justice, Sandia physical security experts have developed a systematic, risk-based assessment process called a vulnerability assessment methodology (VAM) that could be used to evaluate and improve security at more than 10,000 facilities in the U.S. that manufacture, store, or use hazardous chemicals.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
Security Vulnerability Analysis-- Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities at Fixed Chemical Sites
Abstract: The Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) developed this method for industry to analyze their chemical security risks. The CCPS's SVA approach has been identified by the American Chemistry Council as one of the recommended methods for their member companies to employ in conducting analyses at their facilities as part of the Responsible Care® security code. At this web site you may order a copy of this book, request an electronic copy, register for training, or obtain additional resources referenced in the book.
Source: American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)
Site Security Guidelines for the U.S. Chemical Industry [PDF]
Abstract: These guidelines outline typical elements of a good security program and suggest security practices that managers can consider and tailor to their facilities' particular circumstances. This includes information on employee and contractor security issues, risk assessment, prevention strategies, training, emergency response and crisis management, and physical and cyber security issues. The guidelines are available at this web site in PDF or MS Word format. (Length: 60 pages)
Source: American Chemistry Council, SOCMA, and Chlorine Institute
Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals
Abstract: Written by David Heinold and Douglas Smith, ScD., this article describes a step-wise approach to facility vulnerability assessments that is used by ENSR International consultants.
Source: ENSR International
The Green Chemistry Institute (American Chemical Society)
Abstract: The Green Chemistry Institute (GCI) is a non-profit organization within the American Chemical Society (ACS) founded to promote green chemistry through research, education, information dissemination, conferences & symposia, and international collaboration. GCI works across disciplines and academic, government, and industry sectors to promote the development and implementation of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances. The GCI web site provides information on green chemistry awards programs, educational materials, a list of educational institutions that offer academic green chemistry programs, links to international chapters of the GCI, news, information on upcoming green chemistry meetings/conferences, research opportunities, and resources for further information.
Source: American Chemical Society
U.S. EPA: Risk Management Program
Abstract: The Risk Management Program Rule requires that companies that use certain flammable and toxic substances to develop a Risk Management Program (RMP). RMPs include hazard assessments, prevention programs and emergency response programs. The Risk Management Program is about reducing chemical risk at the local level. This information helps local fire, police, and emergency response personnel (who must prepare for and respond to chemical accidents), and is useful to citizens in understanding the chemical hazards in communities.
Source: US EPA CEPPO
WMRC: Green Chemistry
Abstract: This portion of the WMRC web site explains what green chemistry is, provides a list of current projects (within Illinois and beyond), contains links to green chemistry resources, and features a calendar of green chemistry-related events.
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)