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Printing-Flexography: Browse by Keyword
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Operations
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
Key Contacts
Acknowledgements
Complete List of Links

Keywords:
Acetone / Adhesives / Air pollution / Air quality / Alternative technologies / Aqueous cleaning / Aqueous solutions / Associations, institutions, etc. / Auditing / Best management practices / Biochemistry / Books / Business / Cadmium / Case studies / CD-ROMs / Chemical processes / Chemical storage / Chemicals / Cleaner production / Cleaning / Cleaning compounds / Cleaning wastes / Compliance / Computer graphics / Computer software / Containers / Cost / Cost effectiveness / Cost savings / Design / Economic aspects / Emission control / Emissions / Engraving / Environment / Environmental aspects / Environmental auditing / Environmental impact analysis / Environmental protection / Environmentally safe products / Etching / Etching reagents / Facility management / Federal government / Film / Flexible packaging / Flexographic printing / Government agencies / Graphic arts / Gravure printing / Great Lakes Region / Handbooks, manuals, etc. / Hazardous substances / Hazardous waste / Hazardous waste management / Health effects / Illinois / Industrial applications / Industrial design / Ink / ISO 14000 series standards / Label industry / Labeling / Labels / Laminated materials / Laws and legislation / Life cycle assessment / Lithographic printing / Management / Marketing / Material safety data sheets / Materials handling / Methodology / Minnesota / Needs assessment / New York (N.Y.) / Occupational safety and health / Offset printing / Ohio / Organic solvents / Packaging / Paper / Paper products / Paper recycling / Pennsylvania / Permits / Photographic film / Photographic processing / Photography / Plastic containers / Plate printing / Pollutants / Pollution / Pollution control / Pollution prevention / Print shops / Printing / Printing plates / Process modification / Publishers and publishing / Quality control / Rags / Raw materials / Recycled products / Recycling (Waste, etc.) / Risk assessment / Risk factors / Risk management / Safety measures / Screen process printing / Site assessment / Small business / Social responsibility / Solid waste / Solvent cleaning / Solvent waste / Solvents / Source reduction (Waste management) / Soy ink / Soy oil / States / Statistics / Substitute materials / Technical assistance / Technological innovations / Toxic chemicals / Toxic release inventory / Ultraviolet curing / United States / United States. Environmental Protection Agency / United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration / Vendors and purchasers / Volatile organic compounds / Waste / Waste management / Waste reduction / Web printing


Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

A Field Guide: Eco-Friendly, Efficient and Effective Print, 2nd Edition
Abstract: Monadnock Paper Mills has released the second edition of a how-to guide for creating more sustainable print materials. A Field Guide: Eco-Friendly, Efficient and Effective Print points out alternatives for design decisions that support sustainability. New information in the second edition includes a full chapter dedicated to packaging, an expanded section on energy and emissions, and an overview of the various environmental programs, logos, and terminology that many paper mills use in their product literature today. Sections of the guide include: Paper; Production; Inks; Printing; Finishing; Packaging; Checklist; Reference; and A Commitment Today. The guide is available for download at the URL listed here (PDF Format; Length: 20 pages). The guide may also be ordered at www.mpm.com/info.
Source: Monadnock Paper Mills
URL: http://www.mpm.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=32

A Pollution Prevention Guide for the Printing Industry
Abstract: This Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) fact sheet provides basic pollution prevention information for printers, including suggestions for reducing common wastes, such as silver, inks, solvents, waste from process baths, rags and wipes and other wastes. Also includes contacts for further assistance for Delaware businesses.
Source: Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC)
URL: http://www.dnrec.state.de.us/DNREC2000/P2/PrintingIndustry.h
tm

Case Study: Reducing VOCs in Flexography
Abstract: Highlights the experience of Highland Supply Corporation (HSC), a wide-web flexographic printer, which successfully reduced volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions and hazardous waste at its Highland, IL facilities by switching inks.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for Environment
URL: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/pubs/flexo/case_st/case1/ind
ex.htm

Flexographic Ink Options: A Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment
Abstract: Comparative evaluation of solvent-based, water-based, and ultra-violet cured ink technologies on wide-web film substrates. It assesses the performance, cost, energy, and environmental and human health impacts of 45 ink formulations.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for Environment
URL: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/pubs/flexo/ctsa/index.html

Focusing on Flexo Inks [PDF]
Abstract: Describes the Design for the Environment Flexography Project. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/focusonflexoinks.pdf

Ink and Cleaner Waste Reduction Evaluation for Flexographic Printers [PDF]
Abstract: Describes the technical and economic efforts incurred by a flexographic label printing company that changed the type of ink and cleaning agent used in its print shop. The changes were incurred as the best way to eliminate all hazardous materials. (PDF Format; Length: 43 pages)
Source: IL Waste Management and Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/tr/tr12.pdf

Inside Flexo: A Cleaner Run for the Money
Abstract: Twenty-minute video developed for the Design for the Environment Project that provides flexographic printers with tips on how to address environmental concerns while improving the bottom line. Information on how to order a free copy is included.
Source: U.S. EPA/Design for Environment
URL: http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/flexo/videos/ins_flex/index.html

Learning from Three Companies that Reduced VOC Emissions
Abstract: Presents the steps that three wide web flexographic printers took to reduce their VOC emissions. Includes factors considered in management decisions and how the decisions were implemented. The two methods tried were switching to water-based inks and installing an oxidizer.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/pubs/flexo/case_st/case2/ind
ex.htm

Management of Aqueous Waste from Water-based Flexographic Printing Processes [PDF]
Abstract: Many flexographic printers are switching to water-based ink technology to reduce volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions. This fact sheet describes alternatives for handling the wastes associated with water-based inks. (PDF format; Length: 7 pages)
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/AqueousWasteFactSheet.pdf

Pennsylvania: Dopaco, Inc. Case Study [PDF]
Abstract: Dopaco, Inc. supplies printed and formed paperboard cartons and cups to the fast food industry. The printing is done using either rotogravure printing presses with water-based or solvent-based inks or flexographic printing presses with water-based inks. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: PA Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/gravure/dopaco.pdf

Reducing Ink and Solvent Use in Enclosed Flexographic Inking Systems [PDF]
Abstract: Explains the environmental benefits of moving from an open to an enclosed ink delivery and metering system. (PDF format; Length: 5 pages)
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/InkingSystems.pdf

Replacement of Hazardous Material in Wide Web Flexographic Printing Process
Abstract: A wide web flexographic printing firm in New York substituted water-based inks for solvent-based inks when manufacturing flexible packaging, using plastic sheet substrates (e.g., plastic bags for bread).
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/replacehazardswidewebflexo
.cfm

Sun Chemical Develops Alternatives to Solvent Flexo Printing
Abstract: Sun Chemical has announced a breakthrough in water-based ink technology for flexographic printing on polythene (PE) film. The company's new approach offers a viable and cost-effective alternative to solvent-based inks, and allows printers to comply with pending European legislation that will affect the industry while printing up to 600 meters per minute. From October 2007, the Solvent Emissions Directive states that every printing firm that uses more than 15 tons of solvents per year must either invest in incineration units or find alternatives for 75 percent of its solvent-based print colors. In addition, the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive legislates that printing firms using more than 200 tons of solvents per year must be in possession of a specific environmental certificate and must strictly apply procedures according to "best practice techniques." Sun Chemical's innovative breakthrough is the use of modified amine soluble resins, which crosslink after they transfer from the press to the substrate, making the inks fully water resistant when dry. Each of the inks - known as Barracuda, Piranha and Beluga - has been designed for specific applications. Erik Segers, corporate product manager liquid inks, Sun Chemical Europe, said, "Water-based inks are ideal for smaller printing businesses which do not have the capital to invest in the more costly incinerating equipment. Additionally, unlike the use of incinerators, water-based inks will not increase printers' carbon emissions, which could be taxed in the future to address concerns about global warming. Early trials suggest the total cost of print could be reduced up to 20 percent by switching from solvent-based to water-based ink. However, this could vary depending on a printer's individual circumstances."
Source: Ink World Magazine
URL: http://www.inkworldmagazine.com/news/2007/06/28/sun_chemical
_develops_alternatives_to_solvent_flexo_printing

Toxics Use Reduction Case Study: Water & Ink Waste Reduction at F.C. Meyer Company
Abstract: A cardboard box manufacturer and printer has trained its employees in "good housekeeping" practices and significantly reduced ink wastes and wastewater generated when cleaning the printing presses.
Source: MA Office of Technical Assistance
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/fcmeyer.cfm

UV Curing: Health and Safety [PDF]
Abstract: Outlines the health and safety concerns associated with UV curing inks, coatings, and adhesives. Includes a comparison of the toxicity and other properties of UV-curable ink components and some commonly used ink solvents. Compares permitting requirements and pollution potential of UV-, solvent-based, and water-based inks. Written by Anthony J. Bean and Joann Cortese.
Source: FLEXO Magazine
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/uvcuringhealthandsafety.pd
f

Water-Based Inks for Flexographic Printing [PDF]
Abstract: Water-based inks provide an alternative to solvents and a means of eliminating both pollution and many of the regulatory constraints on the printer. Describes Control Technology Guidelines (CTGs), status of water-based inks in the marketplace, water-based ink conversion barriers, and basic requirements for converting to waterborne inks. Written by Fred Shapiro.
Source: Printers' National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/waterbasedinks.pdf

 


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Printing-Flexography Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Contact email: glrppr@istc.illinois.edu

Hub Last Updated: 9/4/2008

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