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Printing-Flexography: Browse by Keyword
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Operations
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
Key Contacts
Acknowledgements
Complete List of Links

Keywords:
Acetone / Adhesives / Air pollution / Air quality / Alternative technologies / Aqueous cleaning / Aqueous solutions / Associations, institutions, etc. / Auditing / Best management practices / Biochemistry / Books / Business / Cadmium / Case studies / CD-ROMs / Chemical processes / Chemical storage / Chemicals / Cleaner production / Cleaning / Cleaning compounds / Cleaning wastes / Compliance / Computer graphics / Computer software / Containers / Cost / Cost effectiveness / Cost savings / Design / Economic aspects / Emission control / Emissions / Engraving / Environment / Environmental aspects / Environmental auditing / Environmental impact analysis / Environmental protection / Environmentally safe products / Etching / Etching reagents / Facility management / Federal government / Film / Flexible packaging / Flexographic printing / Government agencies / Graphic arts / Gravure printing / Great Lakes Region / Handbooks, manuals, etc. / Hazardous substances / Hazardous waste / Hazardous waste management / Health effects / Illinois / Industrial applications / Industrial design / Ink / ISO 14000 series standards / Label industry / Labeling / Labels / Laminated materials / Laws and legislation / Life cycle assessment / Lithographic printing / Management / Marketing / Material safety data sheets / Materials handling / Methodology / Minnesota / Needs assessment / New York (N.Y.) / Occupational safety and health / Offset printing / Ohio / Organic solvents / Packaging / Paper / Paper products / Paper recycling / Pennsylvania / Permits / Photographic film / Photographic processing / Photography / Plastic containers / Plate printing / Pollutants / Pollution / Pollution control / Pollution prevention / Print shops / Printing / Printing plates / Process modification / Publishers and publishing / Quality control / Rags / Raw materials / Recycled products / Recycling (Waste, etc.) / Risk assessment / Risk factors / Risk management / Safety measures / Screen process printing / Site assessment / Small business / Social responsibility / Solid waste / Solvent cleaning / Solvent waste / Solvents / Source reduction (Waste management) / Soy ink / Soy oil / States / Statistics / Substitute materials / Technical assistance / Technological innovations / Toxic chemicals / Toxic release inventory / Ultraviolet curing / United States / United States. Environmental Protection Agency / United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration / Vendors and purchasers / Volatile organic compounds / Waste / Waste management / Waste reduction / Web printing


Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

Flexible Packaging Association: Examples of Source Reduction
Abstract: This web site provides examples of how the use of flexible packaging reduces the total amount of packaging, and thus decreases the amount of material consumers discard.
Source: Flexible Packaging Association
URL: http://www.flexpack.org/public/source_reduction_examples.asp

Flexible Packaging Industry Facts & Figures
Abstract: A list of flexible packaging industry statistics for the United States of America.
Source: Flexible Packaging Association
URL: http://www.flexpack.org/INDUST/industry_facts_figures.asp

Flexible Packaging Strategic Plan: Match the Success of Bottles & Cans
Abstract: Written by Robert Moran. Outlines marketing considerations, applications, current industry conditions and future expectations. (Hard copy available in FLEXO Magazine, December 2001, p. 20-22)
Source: FLEXO Magazine On-line Publications
URL: http://www.flexography.org/flexo/story/FM122001.html

Replacement of Hazardous Material in Wide Web Flexographic Printing Process
Abstract: A wide web flexographic printing firm in New York substituted water-based inks for solvent-based inks when manufacturing flexible packaging, using plastic sheet substrates (e.g., plastic bags for bread).
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/replacehazardswidewebflexo
.cfm

Small Business Waste Reduction Guide: Printing & Laminating Case Study #1 [PDF]
Abstract: C & H Packaging in Merrill, WI reduced VOC emissions by converting from VOC-based materials and technology to water-based materials and technology.
Source: EnviroSense
URL: http://www.glrppr.org/docs/printing_and_laminating_case_stud
y.pdf

Solvent Elimination by Off Press Cleaning with CO2
Abstract: This case study describes how a flexographic packaging printer eliminated the use of solvents in cleaning removable press components by switching to carbon dioxide blasting.
Source: Georgia Department of Natural Resources Pollution Prevention Assistance Division
URL: http://www.p2ad.org/documents/ma_printing3.html

Sun Chemical Develops Alternatives to Solvent Flexo Printing
Abstract: Sun Chemical has announced a breakthrough in water-based ink technology for flexographic printing on polythene (PE) film. The company's new approach offers a viable and cost-effective alternative to solvent-based inks, and allows printers to comply with pending European legislation that will affect the industry while printing up to 600 meters per minute. From October 2007, the Solvent Emissions Directive states that every printing firm that uses more than 15 tons of solvents per year must either invest in incineration units or find alternatives for 75 percent of its solvent-based print colors. In addition, the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive legislates that printing firms using more than 200 tons of solvents per year must be in possession of a specific environmental certificate and must strictly apply procedures according to "best practice techniques." Sun Chemical's innovative breakthrough is the use of modified amine soluble resins, which crosslink after they transfer from the press to the substrate, making the inks fully water resistant when dry. Each of the inks - known as Barracuda, Piranha and Beluga - has been designed for specific applications. Erik Segers, corporate product manager liquid inks, Sun Chemical Europe, said, "Water-based inks are ideal for smaller printing businesses which do not have the capital to invest in the more costly incinerating equipment. Additionally, unlike the use of incinerators, water-based inks will not increase printers' carbon emissions, which could be taxed in the future to address concerns about global warming. Early trials suggest the total cost of print could be reduced up to 20 percent by switching from solvent-based to water-based ink. However, this could vary depending on a printer's individual circumstances."
Source: Ink World Magazine
URL: http://www.inkworldmagazine.com/news/2007/06/28/sun_chemical
_develops_alternatives_to_solvent_flexo_printing

Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse (TPCH)
Abstract: TPCH was formed in 1992 to promote the Model Toxics in Packaging Legislation. This legislation is designed to phase out the use and presence of mercury, lead, cadmium & hexavalent chromium in packaging within four years in states that enact it.
Source: The Council of State Governments (CSG)
URL: http://www.toxicsinpackaging.org/

Waste Minimization Assessment for a Manufacturer of Labels and Flexible Packaging [PDF]
Abstract: Describes key findings of an EPA pilot project to assist small and medium-sized manufacturers who want to minimize waste generation; pilot plant manufactures spiral wound labels for commercial use and flexible packaging for foods.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/gravure/envresbrief3.pdf

Which Metals Does the Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse (TPCH) Legislation Target?
Abstract: Includes links to detailed descriptions (including health effects) of cadmium, mercury, lead, and hexavalent chromium, the metals targeted for elimination or reduction in packaging by the TPCH legislation.
Source: The Council of State Governments (CSG)
URL: http://www.toxicsinpackaging.org/which_metals.html

 


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Printing-Flexography Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Contact email: glrppr@istc.illinois.edu

Hub Last Updated: 9/4/2008

GLRPPR is a member of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange, a national network of regional information centers: NEWMOA (Northeast), WRRC (Southeast), GLRPPR (Great Lakes), ZeroWasteNet (Southwest), P2RIC (Plains), Peaks to Prairies (Mountain), WSPPN (Pacific Southwest), PPRC (Northwest).

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