GLRPPR: Sector Resources: Documents: Material Use in the United States -- Selected Case Studies for Cadmium, Cobalt, Lithium, and Nickel in Rechargeable Batteriese
 
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GLRPPR Sector Resource: Material Use in the United States -- Selected Case Studies for Cadmium, Cobalt, Lithium, and Nickel in Rechargeable Batteriese

Title:
Material Use in the United States -- Selected Case Studies for Cadmium, Cobalt, Lithium, and Nickel in Rechargeable Batteriese

Abstract:
This report examines the changes that have taken place in the consumer electronic product sector as they relate to (1) the use of cadmium, cobalt, lithium, and nickel contained in batteries that power camcorders, cameras, cell phones, and portable (laptop) computers and (2) the use of nickel in vehicle batteries for the period 1996 through 2005 and discusses forecasted changes in their use patterns through 2010. Market penetration, material substitution, and technological improvements among nickel-cadmium (NiCd), nickel-metal-hydride (NiMH), and lithium-ion (Li-ion) rechargeable batteries are assessed. Consequences of these changes in light of material consumption factors related to disposal, environmental effects, retail price, and serviceability are analyzed in a series of short case studies.

URL:
http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2008/5141/

Source:
U.S. Geological Survey

Resource Type:
Article/report

Date of Publication:
2008

Associated Sectors:

GLRPPR is a member of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange, a national network of regional information centers: NEWMOA (Northeast), WRRC (Southeast), GLRPPR (Great Lakes), ZeroWasteNet (Southwest), P2RIC (Plains), Peaks to Prairies (Mountain), WSPPN (Pacific Southwest), PPRC (Northwest).

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