GLRPPR Sector Resource: Manufacturing Facilities Release Pharmaceuticals to the Environment
Manufacturing Facilities Release Pharmaceuticals to the Environment
In a 2004-2009 study, USGS scientists found that pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities can be a significant source of pharmaceuticals to the environment. Effluents from two wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) that receive discharge from pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities (PMFs) had 10 to 1000 times higher concentrations of pharmaceuticals than effluents from 24 WWTPs across the nation that do not receive PMF discharge. The effluents from these two WWTPs are discharged to streams where the measured pharmaceuticals were traced downstream, and as far as 30 kilometers from one plant's outfall. This site includes links to the full Open File Report, journal articles summarizing the study's findings, and other related USGS resources.
U.S. Geological Survey
Date of Publication:
One East Hazelwood Drive; Champaign, IL; 61820; (800) 407-0261; firstname.lastname@example.org